Preston Poor Tax Survey – 30 June 1732

Fig 1. The head of the first part of the Poor Tax Book showing how the columns are laid out. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

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Notes

Fig 2. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

The properties are assigned to three separate columns in the original document: Fields, Houses and Sundries, with a number for each (see Fig 2 left). The Fields category is self-explanatory, the Houses category is not. Although the column heading specifies number of houses it is clear from the context that in some cases the number refers to individual buildings and in others to multiple occupancy of individual buildings. The Sundries column includes non-residential buildings such as shops; again, the numbers can refer to individual buildings or parts of a building.

In some cases the annual rental values and acreages are not assigned to individual occupants but are given for the whole property. This is indicated in the entries below thus: annual rental value (joint) and acreage (joint)

Occasionally more than one location is listed in an entry. In these cases the locations given below refer to the occupants listed above them in the entry.

Sometimes the name of the occupant is followed by ‘etc’. This would seem to suggest additional occupants in the property.

The date refers to the day on which the survey of these properties was carried out

Coverage
Ropers Croft, north side of Fishergate, west sides of Cheapside, Market Square and Friargate, Chapel Yard. Properties identified: White Horse and 7 Stars, Swan with 2 Necks, Anchor, White Horse, Boars Head.


The entries for 30 June 1732

113

Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: James Johnson
Occupier: John Clark
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: in Ropers Croft north side Fishergate
Tenure: leasehold

114
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: James Hodgkinson senior, butcher
Occupier: James Hodgkinson senior, butcher etc
Property: 2 houses and stable
Annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

115
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: William Hardman
Occupier: William Lorimer
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Hannah Jenkinson
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 5s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

116
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: executors of John Hardman junior
Occupier: Thorpe
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupier: William Greenhough
Property: stable
Annual rental value: £0 19s. 0d.
Occupier: John Hardman
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 12s. 6d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

117
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Occupier: William Melling
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

118
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Occupier: empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: not given

119
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: George Birchall
Occupier: George Birchall
Property: house
Occupier: Isaac Cooke
Property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

120
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Occupier: Winstanley
Property: house
Occupier: Mr John Assheton
Property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £21 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: yearly rental

121
Owner: Robert Chaddock esq
Occupier: Robert Chaddock esq
Property: house
Annual rental value: £11 15s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: owner occupied

122
Owner: Robert Chaddock esq
Occupier: Thomas Foster esq
Property: house
Annual rental value: £24 10s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: yearly rental

Note: NB That the Rents taken and noted on Survey June 29th and 30th 1732 was Viz No 110 = 5£ No 121 = 16£ and No 122 =24£ 10S. In all 45£ 10S.. To which Mr Chaddock hath answered 1st That No 110 is as a Barn or Barns for laying Hay in and Stabling to both the Houses No121 and No 122 – 2dly That the House he lives in Viz. No 121 ought to be Rented at no more than 10 or 12£ at the most, as others of the like Situation and Bigness are Rented – 3dly That the Rent 24£ 10S. is what Mr Foster pays, but then Mr Foster has the greatest Part of No. 110 for laying his hay in and for a Stable – And 4thly That he thinks it reasonable that the other part of No. 110 should be as a Barn & Stable to the House he lives in: Upon this Remonstrance the Court have ordered Dec. 4, 1732, that the Rent of the said Numbers 110, 121 & 122 shall be 36£ 5S. i.e. 11£ 5S. for No. 121 and 24£ 10S. or 122, and that the said Barn numbered 110 shall not have any rent put to it, but serve as barns for laying of Hay in, and as Stables to both the Houses numbered 121 and 122

123
Owner: Mr John Greenfield
Occupier: Mr Thomas Rishton
Property: house
Occupier: Thomas Hodgkinson
Property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £13 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

124
Owner: Blundell esq
Occupier: Alderman Mr Thornton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: leasehold

125
Owner: Mr Loxham [of] Kirkham
Occupier: Thomas Richardson
Property: house
Annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

126
Owner: Mr Richard King
Occupier: Mr Richard King
Property: house
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: owner occupied

127
Owner: Mr Richard King
Occupier: Mr James Naylor
Property: house
Annual rental value: £14 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental
Note: ‘NB. That the Yearly Rent of this House is taken on Survey this 30th June 1732, and allowed to be 14£ as above but with regard to the Order of Court of October 2, 1732, Mr. King is but charged with 4/5 of 9£ 10S. Which is the Sum that he receives at present for the year by Rent of this House. Viz No. 127’

128
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Luke Astley
Occupier: Luke Astley
Property: house
Annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Occupier: Thomas Leach
Property: field, part
Acreage: 0.75
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: under Avenham Hedge
Occupier: Thomas Leach
Property: field, part
Acreage: 0.75
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: of Whittakers (east side Salter Lane)
Tenure: leasehold

129
Owner: William Hudson
Occupier: William Hudson
Property: house
Annual rental value: £12 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Name: White Horse and 7 Stars
Tenure: owner occupied

130
Owner: Anne Seed widow of John Seed
Occupier: Anne Seed
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Thomas Alsope
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Margaret Parrin
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 4s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Livesey
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 4s. 0d.
Occupier: Thomas Salter
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupier: William Pemberton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 9s. 0d.
Occupier: Robert Hollinghead
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 4s. 0d.
Occupier: Thomas Walshman
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 2s. 6d.
Occupier: Thomas Sumner
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

131
Owner: Blundell esq
Lessee: David Brown
Occupier: David Brown
Property: house
Annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Name: Swan with 2 Necks
Occupier: William Greenhough
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: leasehold

132
Owner: Mr Charles Gibson
Occupier: Edward Sharrock
Property: house
Annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

133
Owner: executors of Mr Joseph Shawe
Occupier: Mr William Shawe junior
Property: house and bulk
Occupier: Mr William Midgley
Property: shop
Annual rental value: £13 8s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side and Cheapside north side
Tenure: yearly rental

134
Owner: John Winckley esq
Occupier: John Taylor cooper
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 5s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

135
Owner: Mr Loxham [of] Longton
Occupier: Lawrence Walshman
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

136
Owner: Mr Malliveret
Occupier: William Southcotts Tenants [or Southcott & Tenants]
Property: house
Annual rental value: £22 0s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

137
Owner: George Waller
Occupier: Widow Waller
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr Nicholas Walmsley
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £19 0s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

138
Owner: Mr John Ravald
Occupier: Mr John Ravald
Property: house
Annual rental value: £21 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: owner occupied

139
Owner: Mr William Langton
Occupier: Mr William Langton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £20 15s. 0d.
Occupier: Robert Dant
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £12 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr Edmund Knight
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: yearly rental

140
Owner: Mr Thomas Rishton
Occupier: Mr John Hopkins
Property: house
Annual rental value: £26 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: yearly rental

141
Owner: Mr John Atherton [of] Liverpool
Occupier: Mr Richard Prescott
Property: house
Annual rental value: £34 5s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: yearly rental

142
Owner: Mr Robert Ashburner
Occupier: Mr Robert Ashburner
Property: house
Annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: owner occupied

143
Owner: Mr Edmund Entwisle
Occupier: Edward Melling
Property: house
Annual rental value: £27 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr John Todhunter
Property: house, shop and cellar
Annual rental value: £19 0s. 0d.
Occupier: William Kilshaw
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr Richard Pedder
Property: workhouse for dressing flax
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Name: Anchor
Tenure: yearly rental

144
Owner: Mrs Parkinson widow
Occupier: John White
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £6 7s. 0d.
Occupier: John Braday
Property: house and shop
Annual rental value: £7 3s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Phipps
Property: house
Annual rental value: £19 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Name: White Horse
Tenure: yearly rental

145
Owner: Mrs Doroth Gradwell
Occupier: Mr William Shackleton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £21 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

146
Owner: Mr Walmsley Showley
Occupier: Widow of William Walmsley
Property: house
Annual rental value: £14 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Name: Boars-head
Tenure: leasehold

147
Owner: Jane Read widow
Occupier: Mrs Larague
Property: house
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Jane Read widow
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

148
Owner: Mr Thomas Addison
Occupier: Henry Hodgkinson shoemaker
Property: house
Annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

149
Owner: Molyneux
Occupier: vacancy
Property:
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: not given

150
Owner: Thomas Sill
Occupier: Madam Livesey
Property: house
Occupier: Mr Edmund Entwisle
Property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £19 12s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

151
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: Thomas Sill
Occupier: Robert Helm
Property: house
Annual rental value: £11 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

152
Owner: William Greenfield esq
Occupier: William Greenfield esq
Property: house
Annual rental value: £30 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: owner occupied

153
Owner: Widow Parr [of] Liverpool
Occupier: Doctor Bushell
Property: house
Annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

154
Owner: Brindle
Occupier: Elizabeth Walmsley
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 7s. 0d.
Occupier: Charles English
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Anne Brown
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £0 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

155
Owner: Molyneux
Lessee: Mr John Birchall
Occupier: Doctor Philips
Property: house
Occupier: Mr John Birchall
Property: house
Annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

156
Owner: Thomas Parr innkeeper
Occupier: Thomas Parr innkeeper
Property: house
Annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Back House [?]
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: owner occupied

157
Owner: executors of John Hardman junior
Occupier: Christopher Eccleston
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Nicholas Sharp
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Richard Watson etc
Property: 2 stables
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

158
Owner: Mr Henry Cottam [of] Liverpool
Lessee: Thomas Parr butcher
Occupier: Henry Parr ‘& Back Housing’ [?]
Property: house
Annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

159
Owner: Mr Henry Cottam [of] Liverpool
Lessee: Henry Parr
Occupier: Henry Broughton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Name:
Occupier: William Hamer
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier:
Property: stabling and malt loft
Annual rental value: £2 5s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

160
Owner: David Brown
Occupier: Thomas Horrabin
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Jonathan Anderton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Thomas and Richard Letmoor
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 6s. 6d.
Occupier: Edward Riley
Property: house
Annual rental value: £0 12s. 0d.
Occupier: New empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupier: New empty
Property: 2 stables
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

161
Owner: Richard Walton
Occupier: empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Occupier: empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Henry Woods
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Hatch
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 16s. 0d.
Occupier: Nicholas Wiggins
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 16s. 0d.
Occupier: empty
Property: house and stable
Annual rental value: £1 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Mrs Blackburn widow
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Occupier: empty
Property: 2 houses
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side and Chapel Yard
Tenure: yearly rental

162
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Arthur Shepherd
Occupier: Arthur Shepherd
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Mrs Crooke
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Mrs Loxham
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 5s. 0d.
Occupier: empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

163
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Widow Nickson
Occupier: Widow Nickson
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr Green
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 5s. 0d.
Occupier:
Property: house and workhouse
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold
Note: ‘By Order of Court of Jan, 10, 1731, Widow Nickson on Acct of her numerous Family but to pay 1d per Quarter for the above Housing Rented 9£ per Annum.’

164
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Hugh Charnley
Occupier: Thomas Bailey
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 6s. 0d.
Occupier: Edmund Cureden
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

165
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: William Rider
Occupier: William Rider
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 10s. 0d.
Occupier: John Fox
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

166
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Widow Hankinson
Occupier: Thomas Arkwright
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 2s. 6d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

167
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: Henry Knowles
Property: house
Annual rental value: £12 2s. 0d.
Location: Corner House of Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

168
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Thomas Johnson
Occupier: Mr Evan Wall
Property: house
Annual rental value: £6 6s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

169
Owner: Mr John Assheton
Lessee: Mr Charles Gibson
Occupier: Richard Newsham
Property: house
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

170
Owner: Mr William Harrison
Occupier: Madam Carus
Property: house
Annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupier: John Foster
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Henry Pennington
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Margaret Harold
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: James Shepherd
Property: house
Annual rental value: £6 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr William Harrison
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

171
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: Richard Gradwell
Property: house
Annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

172
Owner: Mr Lawrence Swarbreck
Occupier: Lawrence Thorpe
Property: house
Annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

173
Owner: Widow of Hugh Barker ‘for Joseph Barker’s children’
Occupier: Thomas Bullen shoemaker and Widow Barnes
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Barker ‘(Empty)’
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Barker ‘a Croft’
Property: field
Acreage: 0.75
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

174
Owner: Widow Simpson
Occupier: Edmund Starky
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Occupier: Thomas Holme
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Richard Simpson
Property: barn and stabling
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Street House
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Simpson
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

175
Owner: Richard Simpson dyer
Occupier: John Wareing
Property: house
Annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Richard Simpson
Property: house and dye house
Annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

176
Owner: Widow of Robert Read
Occupier: Widow Councell
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 8s. 0d.
Occupier: James Grundy
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Occupier: William Burton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 13s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Read
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 19s. 0d.
Occupier: Mrs Nield
Property: house
Annual rental value: £0 15s. 0d.
Occupier: Arthur Shepherd
Property: stable
Annual rental value: £0 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow not given
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

177
Owner: Henry Parr ‘and Winstanley equally’
Occupier: William Thorpe
Property: house
Annual rental value: £6 17s. 0d.
Occupier: James Gurnall
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

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