Preston Poor Tax Survey – 30 June 1732

Fig 1. The head of the first part of the Poor Tax Book showing how the columns are laid out. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

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Notes

Fig 2. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

The properties are assigned to three separate columns in the original document: Fields, Houses and Sundries, with a number for each (see Fig 2 left). The Fields category is self-explanatory, the Houses category is not. Although the column heading specifies number of houses it is clear from the context that in some cases the number refers to individual buildings and in others to multiple occupancy of individual buildings. The Sundries column includes non-residential buildings such as shops; again, the numbers can refer to individual buildings or parts of a building.

In some cases the annual rental values and acreages are not assigned to individual occupants but are given for the whole property. This is indicated in the entries below thus: annual rental value (joint) and acreage (joint)

Occasionally more than one location is listed in an entry. In these cases the locations given below refer to the occupants listed above them in the entry.

Sometimes the name of the occupant is followed by ‘etc’. This would seem to suggest additional occupants in the property.

The date refers to the day on which the survey of these properties was carried out

Coverage
Ropers Croft, north side of Fishergate, west sides of Cheapside, Market Square and Friargate, Chapel Yard. Properties identified: White Horse and 7 Stars, Swan with 2 Necks, Anchor, White Horse, Boars Head.


The entries for 30 June 1732

113

Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: James Johnson
Occupant: John Clark; property: house; annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: in Ropers Croft north side Fishergate
Tenure: leasehold

114
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: James Hodgkinson senior, butcher
Occupant: James Hodgkinson senior, butcher etc; property: 2 houses and stable; annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

115
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: William Hardman
Occupant: William Lorimer; property: house; annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Hannah Jenkinson; property: house; annual rental value: £2 5s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

116
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: executors of John Hardman junior
Occupant: Thorpe; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupant: William Greenhough; property: stable; annual rental value: £0 19s. 0d.
Occupant: John Hardman; property: house; annual rental value: £1 12s. 6d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

117
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Occupant: William Melling; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

118
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Occupant: empty; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: not given

119
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: George Birchall
Occupant: George Birchall; property: house
Occupant: Isaac Cooke; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: leasehold

120
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Occupant: Winstanley; property: house
Occupant: Mr John Assheton; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £21 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: yearly rental

121
Owner: Robert Chaddock esq
Occupant: Robert Chaddock esq; property: house; annual rental value: £11 15s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: owner occupied

122
Owner: Robert Chaddock esq
Occupant: Thomas Foster esq; property: house; annual rental value: £24 10s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate within barrs north side
Tenure: yearly rental

Note: NB That the Rents taken and noted on Survey June 29th and 30th 1732 was Viz No 110 = 5£ No 121 = 16£ and No 122 =24£ 10S. In all 45£ 10S.. To which Mr Chaddock hath answered 1st That No 110 is as a Barn or Barns for laying Hay in and Stabling to both the Houses No121 and No 122 – 2dly That the House he lives in Viz. No 121 ought to be Rented at no more than 10 or 12£ at the most, as others of the like Situation and Bigness are Rented – 3dly That the Rent 24£ 10S. is what Mr Foster pays, but then Mr Foster has the greatest Part of No. 110 for laying his hay in and for a Stable – And 4thly That he thinks it reasonable that the other part of No. 110 should be as a Barn & Stable to the House he lives in: Upon this Remonstrance the Court have ordered Dec. 4, 1732, that the Rent of the said Numbers 110, 121 & 122 shall be 36£ 5S. i.e. 11£ 5S. for No. 121 and 24£ 10S. or 122, and that the said Barn numbered 110 shall not have any rent put to it, but serve as barns for laying of Hay in, and as Stables to both the Houses numbered 121 and 122

123
Owner: Mr John Greenfield
Occupant: Mr Thomas Rishton; property: house
Occupant: Thomas Hodgkinson; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £13 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

124
Owner: Blundell esq
Occupant: Alderman Mr Thornton; property: house; annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: leasehold

125
Owner: Mr Loxham [of] Kirkham
Occupant: Thomas Richardson; property: house; annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

126
Owner: Mr Richard King
Occupant: Mr Richard King; property: house; annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: owner occupied

127
Owner: Mr Richard King
Occupant: Mr James Naylor; property: house; annual rental value: £14 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental
Note: ‘NB. That the Yearly Rent of this House is taken on Survey this 30th June 1732, and allowed to be 14£ as above but with regard to the Order of Court of October 2, 1732, Mr. King is but charged with 4/5 of 9£ 10S. Which is the Sum that he receives at present for the year by Rent of this House. Viz No. 127’

128
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Luke Astley
Occupant: Luke Astley; property: house; annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Occupant: Thomas Leach; property: field, part; acreage: 0.75; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: under Avenham Hedge
Occupant: Thomas Leach; property: field, part; acreage: 0.75; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: of Whittakers (east side Salter Lane)
Tenure: leasehold

129
Owner: William Hudson
Occupant: William Hudson; property: house; annual rental value: £12 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Name: White Horse and 7 Stars
Tenure: owner occupied

130
Owner: Anne Seed widow of John Seed
Occupant: Anne Seed; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Thomas Alsope; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Margaret Parrin; property: house; annual rental value: £1 4s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Livesey; property: house; annual rental value: £1 4s. 0d.
Occupant: Thomas Salter; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupant: William Pemberton; property: house; annual rental value: £1 9s. 0d.
Occupant: Robert Hollinghead; property: house; annual rental value: £1 4s. 0d.
Occupant: Thomas Walshman; property: house; annual rental value: £2 2s. 6d.
Occupant: Thomas Sumner; property: house; annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

131
Owner: Blundell esq
Lessee: David Brown
Occupant: David Brown; property: house; annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Name: Swan with 2 Necks
Occupant: William Greenhough; property: house; annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: leasehold

132
Owner: Mr Charles Gibson
Occupant: Edward Sharrock; property: house; annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side
Tenure: yearly rental

133
Owner: executors of Mr Joseph Shawe
Occupant: Mr William Shawe junior; property: house and bulk
Occupant: Mr William Midgley; property: shop; annual rental value: £13 8s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate north side and Cheapside north side
Tenure: yearly rental

134
Owner: John Winckley esq
Occupant: John Taylor cooper; property: house; annual rental value: £5 5s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

135
Owner: Mr Loxham [of] Longton
Occupant: Lawrence Walshman; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

136
Owner: Mr Malliveret
Occupant: William Southcotts Tenants [or Southcott & Tenants]; property: house; annual rental value: £22 0s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

137
Owner: George Waller
Occupant: Widow Waller; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Mr Nicholas Walmsley; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £19 0s. 0d.
Location: Cheapside west side
Tenure: yearly rental

138
Owner: Mr John Ravald
Occupant: Mr John Ravald; property: house; annual rental value: £21 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: owner occupied

139
Owner: Mr William Langton
Occupant: Mr William Langton; property: house; annual rental value: £20 15s. 0d.
Occupant: Robert Dant; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £12 5s. 0d.
Occupant: Mr Edmund Knight; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: yearly rental

140
Owner: Mr Thomas Rishton
Occupant: Mr John Hopkins; property: house; annual rental value: £26 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: yearly rental

141
Owner: Mr John Atherton [of] Liverpool
Occupant: Mr Richard Prescott; property: house; annual rental value: £34 5s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: yearly rental

142
Owner: Mr Robert Ashburner
Occupant: Mr Robert Ashburner; property: house; annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Market Place west side
Tenure: owner occupied

143
Owner: Mr Edmund Entwisle
Occupant: Edward Melling; property: house; annual rental value: £27 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Mr John Todhunter; property: house, shop and cellar; annual rental value: £19 0s. 0d.
Occupant: William Kilshaw; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Mr Richard Pedder; property: workhouse for dressing flax; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Name: Anchor
Tenure: yearly rental

144
Owner: Mrs Parkinson widow
Occupant: John White; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £6 7s. 0d.
Occupant: John Braday; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £7 3s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Phipps; property: house; annual rental value: £19 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Name: White Horse
Tenure: yearly rental

145
Owner: Mrs Doroth Gradwell
Occupant: Mr William Shackleton; property: house; annual rental value: £21 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

146
Owner: Mr Walmsley Showley
Occupant: Widow of William Walmsley; property: house; annual rental value: £14 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Name: Boars-head
Tenure: leasehold

147
Owner: Jane Read widow
Occupant: Mrs Larague; property: house; annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Jane Read widow; property: house; annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

148
Owner: Mr Thomas Addison
Occupant: Henry Hodgkinson shoemaker; property: house; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

149
Owner: Molyneux
Occupant: vacancy; property:
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: not given

150
Owner: Thomas Sill
Occupant: Madam Livesey; property: house
Occupant: Mr Edmund Entwisle; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £19 12s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

151
Owner: Mr Stanley Werden
Lessee: Thomas Sill
Occupant: Robert Helm; property: house; annual rental value: £11 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

152
Owner: William Greenfield esq
Occupant: William Greenfield esq; property: house; annual rental value: £30 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: owner occupied

153
Owner: Widow Parr [of] Liverpool
Occupant: Doctor Bushell; property: house; annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

154
Owner: Brindle
Occupant: Elizabeth Walmsley; property: house; annual rental value: £2 7s. 0d.
Occupant: Charles English; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Anne Brown; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Empty; property: house; annual rental value: £0 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

155
Owner: Molyneux
Lessee: Mr John Birchall
Occupant: Doctor Philips; property: house
Occupant: Mr John Birchall; property: house; annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

156
Owner: Thomas Parr innkeeper
Occupant: Thomas Parr innkeeper; property: house; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Back House [?]; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: owner occupied

157
Owner: executors of John Hardman junior
Occupant: Christopher Eccleston; property: house; annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Nicholas Sharp; property: house; annual rental value: £2 5s. 0d.
Occupant: Richard Watson etc; property: 2 stables; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

158
Owner: Mr Henry Cottam [of] Liverpool
Lessee: Thomas Parr butcher
Occupant: Henry Parr ‘& Back Housing’ [?]; property: house; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

159
Owner: Mr Henry Cottam [of] Liverpool
Lessee: Henry Parr
Occupant: Henry Broughton; property: house; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Name:
Occupant: William Hamer; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupant:; property: stabling and malt loft; annual rental value: £2 5s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

160
Owner: David Brown
Occupant: Thomas Horrabin; property: house; annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Jonathan Anderton; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Thomas and Richard Letmoor; property: house; annual rental value: £2 6s. 6d.
Occupant: Edward Riley; property: house; annual rental value: £0 12s. 0d.
Occupant: New empty; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupant: New empty; property: 2 stables; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

161
Owner: Richard Walton
Occupant: empty; property: house; annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Occupant: empty; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Henry Woods; property: house; annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Hatch; property: house; annual rental value: £1 16s. 0d.
Occupant: Nicholas Wiggins; property: house; annual rental value: £1 16s. 0d.
Occupant: empty; property: house and stable; annual rental value: £1 5s. 0d.
Occupant: Mrs Blackburn widow; property: house; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Occupant: empty; property: 2 houses; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side and Chapel Yard
Tenure: yearly rental

162
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Arthur Shepherd
Occupant: Arthur Shepherd; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Mrs Crooke; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Mrs Loxham; property: house; annual rental value: £3 5s. 0d.
Occupant: empty; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

163
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Widow Nickson
Occupant: Widow Nickson; property: house; annual rental value: £3 5s. 0d.
Occupant: Mr Green; property: house; annual rental value: £3 5s. 0d.
Occupant:; property: house and workhouse; annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold
Note: ‘By Order of Court of Jan, 10, 1731, Widow Nickson on Acct of her numerous Family but to pay 1d per Quarter for the above Housing Rented 9£ per Annum.’

164
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Hugh Charnley
Occupant: Thomas Bailey; property: house; annual rental value: £3 6s. 0d.
Occupant: Edmund Cureden; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

165
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: William Rider
Occupant: William Rider; property: house; annual rental value: £3 10s. 0d.
Occupant: John Fox; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

166
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Widow Hankinson
Occupant: Thomas Arkwright; property: house; annual rental value: £3 2s. 6d.
Location: Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

167
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupant: Henry Knowles; property: house; annual rental value: £12 2s. 0d.
Location: Corner House of Chapel Yard
Tenure: leasehold

168
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Thomas Johnson
Occupant: Mr Evan Wall; property: house; annual rental value: £6 6s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

169
Owner: Mr John Assheton
Lessee: Mr Charles Gibson
Occupant: Richard Newsham; property: house; annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

170
Owner: Mr William Harrison
Occupant: Madam Carus; property: house; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Occupant: John Foster; property: house; annual rental value: £5 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Henry Pennington; property: house; annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Margaret Harold; property: house; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupant: James Shepherd; property: house; annual rental value: £6 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Mr William Harrison; property: house; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

171
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupant: Richard Gradwell; property: house; annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: leasehold

172
Owner: Mr Lawrence Swarbreck
Occupant: Lawrence Thorpe; property: house; annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

173
Owner: Widow of Hugh Barker ‘for Joseph Barker’s children’
Occupant: Thomas Bullen shoemaker and Widow Barnes; property: house; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Barker ‘(Empty)’; property: house; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Barker ‘a Croft’; property: field; acreage: 0.75; annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

174
Owner: Widow Simpson
Occupant: Edmund Starky; property: house; annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Occupant: Thomas Holme; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Richard Simpson; property: barn and stabling; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Street House; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Simpson; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

175
Owner: Richard Simpson dyer
Occupant: John Wareing; property: house; annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Occupant: Richard Simpson; property: house and dye house; annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

176
Owner: Widow of Robert Read
Occupant: Widow Councell; property: house; annual rental value: £1 8s. 0d.
Occupant: James Grundy; property: house; annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Occupant: William Burton; property: house; annual rental value: £1 13s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow Read; property: house; annual rental value: £3 19s. 0d.
Occupant: Mrs Nield; property: house; annual rental value: £0 15s. 0d.
Occupant: Arthur Shepherd; property: stable; annual rental value: £0 10s. 0d.
Occupant: Widow not given; property: house; annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

177
Owner: Henry Parr ‘and Winstanley equally’
Occupant: William Thorpe; property: house; annual rental value: £6 17s. 0d.
Occupant: James Gurnall; property: house; annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

 

 

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