Preston Poor Tax Survey – 28 June 1732

Fig 1. The head of the first part of the Poor Tax Book showing how the columns are laid out. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

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Notes

Fig 2. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11).

The properties are assigned to three separate columns in the original document: Fields, Houses and Sundries, with a number for each (see Fig 2 left). The Fields category is self-explanatory, the Houses category is not. Although the column heading specifies number of houses it is clear from the context that in some cases the number refers to individual buildings and in others to multiple occupancy of individual buildings. The Sundries column includes non-residential buildings such as shops; again, the numbers can refer to individual buildings or parts of a building.

In some cases the annual rental values and acreages are not assigned to individual occupants but are given for the whole property. This is indicated in the entries below thus: annual rental value (joint) and acreage (joint)

Occasionally more than one location is listed in an entry. In these cases the locations given below refer to the occupants listed above them in the entry.

Sometimes the name of the occupant is followed by ‘etc’. This would seem to suggest additional occupants in the property.

The date refers to the day on which the survey of these properties was carried out.

Fig. 3. The plan prepared from the 1665 survey of Preston forms the basis for the above plan. Additional detail is taken from Lang’s 1774 plan of the town. Inset is a detail from Boyer’s 1715 rebellion map showing the houses in Church Street set on fire by the King’s forces

Coverage
South side of Church Street from the present Stanley Street to the present Manchester Road.

Comment
The surveyors began their task at the property owned by Mr John Garlicke, near the start of Ribbleton Lane. Mr Garlicke owned a number of fields close by at this time, and by the time of Lang’s survey in 1774 the land where the prison now stands was known as Garlick Fields. They then recorded the properties on the left of the present Stanley Street before crossing over and returning towards Church Street, following the south side of that street as far as Cocker Hole (the present Manchester Road).

The 1665 survey of Preston shows the barrs on the town side of the junction of Manchester Road and Church Street. This survey clearly locates them further east, for a few of the properties are recorded as ‘without the barrs’ and more as ‘within the barrs’. The later location is indicated on the 1822 version of Shakeshaft’s map of the town and is shown on the plan above.

This repositioning of the barrs could have been one of the consequences of the 1715 Battle of Preston in which many of the houses in Church Street were set on fire by the government troops, as shown on Abel Boyer’s plan of the battle (section shown inset above). [1] This destruction of much of Church Street might have altered the layout of the street, meaning that the 1685 plan might not accurately represent the property boundaries in 1732. However, given the desire of property owners to maintain their boundaries and the example of the rebuilding following the Great Fire of London, it is probable that most of the original property boundaries were maintained.

Another effect of the firing of Church Street could have been the end of the Talbot Inn (then commonly known as the Dog) which is recorded in the Bellingham/Rawstorne diaries at the position show on the above plan (property reference 23). It seems to have been reborn by the time of this survey as the Dog (now the Old Dog) further up Church Street.

Longton School, which was the grammar school for the parish of Penwortham and was shortly to move to Hutton [2], owned a number of other properties in Preston in addition to the ones listed below. The school owned the property (No 22 in the list below) which is the site of the present Blue Bell. Whether it was a hostelry at this time is not indicated in this source, and whether the ‘disorderly house’ known as the Blew Ball and kept by Widow Hall in April 1716 is this Blue Bell is uncertain. [3]

For a full account of the later history of the Old Dog and the Blue Bell see Steve Halliwell’s website .

[1] ‘A Map and Plan of the Town of Preston | British Library | Picturing Places’, The British Library, accessed 25 April 2019, https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/a-map-and-plan-of-the-town-of-preston.
[2] Alan G. Crosby, Hutton: A Millenium History (Lancaster: Carnegie, 2000), 53–56.
[3] David Berry, trans., ‘Preston Court Leet Records’, accessed 29 January 2017, http://c5110394.myzen.co.uk/mw/index.php?title=Main_Page.

The entries for 28 June 1732

1
Owner: Mr John Garlicke
Occupant: William Carter etc; property: 2 houses; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate Town End south side
Tenure: yearly rental

2
Owner: Borough
Occupant: Thomas Crook; property: house; annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate Town End south side
Tenure: leasehold

3
Owner: Borough
Occupant: Widow Alford; property: 2 houses; annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate Town End south side
Tenure: leasehold

4
Owner: Borough
Lessee: George Osbaldeston
Occupant: Thomas Hollinghurst; property: house
Occupant: Thomas Ronson; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £2 10s. 0d.
Location: south of and next Alms-houses
Tenure: leasehold

5
Owner: Mr William Wall
Lessee: Stephen Ellet
Occupant: John Cross; property: house
Occupant: Jennet Marsden; property: house
Occupant: John Butterfield; property: house
Occupant: Thomas Ellet; property: house
Occupant: John Cumberbatch; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £6 11s. 0d.
Location: on the hill leading to Walton east side
Tenure: leasehold

6
Owner: Borough
Lessee: Richard Sudell joiner
Occupant: William Moss; property: house
Occupant: James Greenwood; property: house
Annual rental value (joint): £2 0s. 0d.
Location: on the hill leading to Walton east side
Tenure: leasehold

7
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Lessee: Ellen Myers widow
Occupant: Widow Bryers etc; property: field and 2 houses; acreage: not given; annual rental value (land): £1 10s. 0d.; annual rental value (housing): £1 13s. 0d.
Location: lane returning from Walton west side
Tenure: leasehold

8
Owner: John Winckley esq
Lessee: John Cook
Occupant: William Garstang etc; property: 5 houses; annual rental value: £4 7s. 0d.
Location: The first house next the above, rest follow on south side Church-gate returning towards the church
Tenure: leasehold

9
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Thomas Bullen
Occupant: Thomas Bullen etc; property: 2 houses and shop; annual rental value: £5 10s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate without barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

10
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Mr William Loxham [of] Longton
Occupant: John Fell etc; property: 2 houses; annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate without barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

11
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Richard Rawlinson
Occupant: Margaret Noblet; property: house; annual rental value: £1 6s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate without barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

12
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Richard Gregson
Occupant: George Singleton; property: house; annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate without barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

13
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupant: Thomas Heath; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £3 10s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate without barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

14
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupant: John Petty; property: house and shop; annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

15
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupant: Thomas Thellow; property: house; annual rental value: £1 5s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

16
Owner: Mr William Wall
Lessee: William Beesley
Occupant: empty; property: house; annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

17
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupant: John Woodruff as Cross [?]; property: house; annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

18
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupant: John Hoole; property: house; annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

19
Owner: Richard Shawe
Occupant: William Shawe senior; property: house and woodyard; annual rental value: £8 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

19
Owner: Richard Shawe
Occupant: Isaac Boaz; property: house
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

20
Owner: Henry Fleetwood esq
Occupant: Edward Farnworth; property: field and house; acreage: not given; annual rental value (land): £1 10s. 0d.; annual rental value (housing): £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

21
Owner: Alderman Mr Thornton
Occupant: John Gregson; property: field and house; acreage: 0.25; annual rental value (land): £0 15s. 0d.; annual rental value (housing): £7 5s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

22
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: Jennet Seed widow of Thomas
Occupant: Richard Leach etc; property: field, house and garden; acreage: 0.75; annual rental value (land): £2 0s. 0d.; annual rental value (housing): £8 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

23
Owner: Borough
Occupant: James Bostock; property: house; annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

24
Owner: James Harrison
Occupant: Mrs Lonsdell; property: house; annual rental value: £6 6s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

25
Owner: Madam Patten
Occupant: Madam Patten; property: house; annual rental value: £6 5s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: owner occupied

26
Owner: Mr Hamerton Astley
Occupant: Mrs Lucy Ashton; property: house; annual rental value: £17 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

27
Owner: Mr William Hardman
Occupant: Alderman Mr Clayton; property: house; annual rental value: £9 14s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

28
Owner: executors of John Hardman
Occupant: Mr Jeffry Roby; property: house; annual rental value: £7 11s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: yearly rental

29
Owner: Molyneux
Lessee: executors of Richard Myers
Occupant: Mr Stock; property: house; annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate within barrs south side
Tenure: leasehold

30
Owner: Mr James Bolton [of] Blackb. [Blackburn?]
Occupant: John Baynes; property: field and house; acreage: not given; annual rental value (land): £5 0s. 0d.; annual rental value (housing): £4 10s. 0d.
Location: Cocker Hole
Tenure: yearly rental

31
Owner: Mr John Walshman
Occupant: Mr William Smith; property: house; annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Cocker Hole
Tenure: yearly rental

 

 

 

 

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