June 1689

For background information about the diaries and their transcribers see Introduction


June 1

Bellingham entry

June ye 1st. A fayr day. Mr Hornby [probably Edmund Hornby] came to see me. I bowl’d in ye afternoon, and walk’t wth Nabby. Dick Awdes dy’d this morning about 2.

Rawstorne entry

i at Preston & at prayers

Comment

Hewitson suggests Dick Awdes was Richard Awrds of Poulton or his son, but supplies no evidence. There was an Awrds (or Awards) family at this time and another at Goosnargh. [1]

[1] ‘Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerk Project’, accessed 17 August 2017, http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/.

June 2

Bellingham entry

Ye 2d. A fayr day. Coll Matthewes and me walk’t in the evening. He treated us att his quarters. Dick Awdes was buryed this afternoon.

Rawstorne entry

2 at Penwortham Church heard Mr Gregory twice & return’d.


June 3

Bellingham entry

Ye 3d. A very wett day. Coll Matthewes was wth me att my Lodging. Mr. Franks came home. Margaret [?] fell ill.

Rawstorne entry

3 went to Kirkham, a private Session [probably a meeting of some county magistrates] there and went there to Capt. Longworths


June 4

Bellingham entry

Ye 4th. A fayr day. I went with Mr. Rishton to Poolton. I had soar eyes.

Rawstorne entry

4 at St. Michaells at Hen: Gaskells held a private session there

Comment

This is the only reference to a Gaskell in the diaries, possibly Henry Gaskell of Out Rawcliffe who died in 1691. [1]

[1] ‘Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerk Project’, accessed 17 August 2017, http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/.

June 5

Bellingham entry

Ye 5th. A fayr day. We went to Martin Mear [Blackpool] to fish. We heard great guns from Lerpoole. Din’d att Capt Veales.

Rawstorne entry

5 came from Capt Longwoths ths to Penwortham dyned there & went to Swany [possibly Swansey’s] returne, all night at Penwortham


June 6

Bellingham entry

Ye 6th. A wett afternoon. I came from Poolton. Called att Mr Parkers, and gott home about [no time mentioned] of ye clock.

Rawstorne entry

6 went to Preston, Mr Patten & I sat ‘ith’ Hall to take the returne of Persons sent to sumon the Papists, it was the day appoynted for appearance

Comment

Rawstorne’s entry suggests that the leniency extended towards Catholics by James II was at an end, and they were now facing the prospect of recusancy fines.


June 7

Bellingham entry

Ye 7th. A fayr day. I bowl’d both fore and afternoon wth Coll Matthewes. Was att Kellett’s [hostelry, not identified] att night.

Rawstorne entry

7 at Preston & at prayers, Cousin Milford & ‘s wife [?] & Sister Asheton [probably of Cuerdale] & Coz: Bethe [?] came.


June 8

Bellingham entry

Ye 8th. A fayr day. I bowld wth ye officers and treated them att Cook’s [hostelry, not identified]. Mrs. Ashton was buryed.

Rawstorne entry

8 at Preston & at prayers & at Mr Pattens 2 or thrice & at Hugh Tootell p3 & at Mrs Ashetons funerall. i3 sweords Brought in by the Grave of Pendle.

Comment

Mrs Ashton would be Anne Ashton, wife of Mr James Ashton of Cuerdale, and mother of Richard Assheton, who inherited the Downham estate. [1] The grave of Pendle (Forest) was an officer of the forest. He had probably collected the swords from local Catholics.

[1] ‘Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerk Project’, accessed 17 August 2017, http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/.

June 9

Bellingham entry

Ye 9th. A fayr day. Nabby was very ill of a cold and stayd from church. I had an invitation from Mr. Gipps for Mr. Barton to be chaplain to ye E. of Derby.

Rawstorne entry

9 at Preston Church heard Mr Birch twice, Mr Townley seinse brought to Town

Comment

Richard Harrison’s transcription ‘seinse’ is unclear, perhaps it should read ‘seized’ and suggest that Mr Townley had been detained as a suspected supporter of James II. There were many branches of the Townley family in addition to the Townleys of Townley, several of the latter being noted Jacobites. It is unclear which Mr Townley is referred to here.


June 10

Bellingham entry

Ye 10th. A fayr day. There came some letters to Coll Matthewes from Cockermouth. I was wth Mr. Walmsley, of Lealand.

Rawstorne entry

i0 at Preston & at prayers, & afternoon at George Bullocks & Margret Wildings [hostelries, not identified] Mr Rigby & Mr Patten & Capt Longworth & I: had Mr Townley [see previous entry] before us – examined but denyed all


June 11

Bellingham entry

Ye 11th. A fayr day. Mr. Tim Bankes was here, going to London. Mr. Barton came and sup’t with me. I gott answer from Drs Comons [Doctors’ Commons] serv’d.

Rawstorne entry

ii at Preston & at prayers & at Miter

Comment

A number of courts sat at the Doctors’ Commons in London. [1]  What action Bellingham was taking is unknown. Possibly Banks, who acted for the Bellingham family, called on Bellingham to seek instructions on his way to London.

[1] ‘Doctors’ Commons’, 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911, Wikisource, https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Doctors%27_Commons.

June 12

Bellingham entry

Ye 12th. A hott day. I went wth Mr. Barton, Hodgkinson, Patten, to Bury, by Bolton. Stayd all night wth Mr. Gipps.

Rawstorne entry

i2 at Preston & went to Bowles to Swanseys, Cousin Milford [?] with me dyned there, & my brother, Mr Rigby, Mr lemon & others, cost 2s a peice return’d before 7. Coz: Milford & sister Asheton [probably of Cuerdale] & Coz: Bethe [?] went to Penwoetham, Sister ffleetwood [Edward Fleetwood’swife] came for ‘m


June 13

Bellingham entry

Ye 13th. A hott day. Went to Manchester by Prestwich. Call’d on Mr. Ashton ye Parson. Saw my Lady Stevens and her daughters. Att Manchester is a very good Church. It is a rural Deanary, wth very bad Choristers. There is a good foundation of Hospital boys, founded by one Chetam of this town, and a pretty Library wth an annual income of £10 p an.

Rawstorne entry

i3 at Preston & went to Osbaldeston & my wife wth mee


June 14

Bellingham entry

Ye 14th. A fayr day. We din’d wth Mr. Ashton att Prestwich. Dr Roe went wth us. We were very handsomely entertain’d. We sup’t wth Dr Roe. I saw Alderman Percivall, and Mr. Hawekes, J. Banks, Mr. Tige, and Mr. Clements, all of Ireland.

Rawstorne entry

i4 went to Penwortham & my wife wth mee


June 15

Bellingham entry

Ye 15th. A fayr day. About 11 we left Manchester. Stay’d some time att Chorley. Met Alderman Sandyford, who gave us an account of a Papists ship that came from Ireland to Lancaster, that severall Papers and Commissions were seizd come from K James to severall persons of this country, but directed to women. Here came ye Ld Brandon, Gerard, and Capt Kirby, in order to rayse ye militia of ye whole county.

Rawstorne entry

i5 at Penwortham & Hutton & return’d

Comment

There was a good deal of rumour mongering at this time, so it is uncertain how reliable Alderman Sandyford’s information was. It does indicate that suspicion was growing of support for James in the county, especially among Catholics. That might account for Brandon, the Lord Lieutenant, calling out the militia.


June 16

Bellingham entry

Ye 16th. A fayr day; wind at E, but turn’d in ye afternoon. Ye curate preach’d an ingenious, honest sermon for unity.

Rawstorne entry

i6 at Penwortham heard Mr Bland & Gregory


June 17

Bellingham entry

Ye 17th. A fayr day. Ye militia come in apace. Severall Papists seiz’d. I was to see Andrew Moore [?] , of Drogheda.

Rawstorne entry

i7 went to Preston to waite on my Ld Brandon

Comment

The Lancashire militia was organised in three regiments recruited from the county hundreds. Rawstorne appears to have been the colonel of the regiment of the Leyland and Derby hundreds (see Bellingham entry for 23 November 1688).


June 18

Bellingham entry

Ye 18th. A moyst day. Ye militia drew out to ye moore. I went to view them. I was after to waite on Sr Rich Standish, but was disappointed.

Rawstorne entry

i8 at Preston & Martshed toth Moore


June 19

Bellingham entry

Ye 19th. A fayr day. Ye militia drew out. I was att ye moore. Ye Ld Brandon and others went to meete ye Lds Comrs [Lords Commissioners] to Lancaster. This being ye fast [thiswould be a national day of fasting] , there was preaching, but no occasional prayers.

Rawstorne entry

i9 at Preston & at Moore


June 20

Bellingham entry

Ye 20th. A fayr day. Mr. Bankes came to see me. We walk’t out to view ye Militia. The Lds Comrs came to town very late. We have ye certaine account of Edinburgh Castle being surrounded [rumour mill grinding away].

Rawstorne entry

20 at Preston & at Moore till after Ten waiteing on the Ld Comssioners: the Erle of Devonshire & Ld Lumley & Mr Wharton who came to vew our Regiemts:

June 21

Bellingham entry

Ye 21th. A moyst morning. Ye Mayor treated ye Lds Comrs. They went away about noone. Att Night I was wth Coll Kirby and his uncle and some others.

Rawstorne entry

2i they went away & we stood to oe armes in the street While they passed by, ’twas a rainy day

June 22

Bellingham entry

Ye 22th. A fayr day. I waited on ye Ld Delamere, who was very obleiging. Mr. Bankes went hence. I sent my Ld Derby’s and Mrs Gipps letters by Mr. Sharpless to Mr. Barton. I was wth Sr R. Standish, and Mr Fleetwood, and others, pretty late.

Rawstorne entry

22 at Preston & marcht’ toth More where we Musterd & stayed till nyne

June 23

Bellingham entry

Ye 23th. A very hott day. We had newes that Richards could not gett into Derry, the river being block’d upp by a boome. I saw blacke George Mr Cartney of Belfast.

Rawstorne entry

23 at Preston Church heard Mr Birch & dyned wth my Ld at Mr Pattens & heard Mr Bland after.

June 24

Bellingham entry

Ye 24th. A very hott day. Dr Leigh and I din’d att Penwortham. We had duck hunting in ye afternoon, and call’d att ye boat house.

Rawstorne entry

24 at Preston & marched to Ormischurch lodge at Mr Darbieshires

June 25

Bellingham entry

Ye 25th. A hott day. We hear yt Kirke is gott into Derry. One Skrostamore, a Dutch Quarter-master Generall, return’d hither from Whithaven where has been to secure shipping and necessaryes for transporting men for Ireland. Severall expresses passed to and from this town this day.

Rawstorne entry

25 at Ormischurch & at Morre wth souldiers

June 26

Bellingham entry

Ye 26th. A hott day. I bowl’d att ye marsh. Severall papists were brought in here by Sr Wm. Pennington.

Rawstorne entry

26 at Ormischurch

June 27

Bellingham entry

Ye 27th. A hott day; but some few drops of heat. There was great shooting between Brown and Fletcher wth Billington and Etherington. Ye former won, Att boat house att night. There was dancing att Mr. Greenfeilds: Coll Matthews and Coll Rigby’s daughters and some others.

Rawstorne entry

27  at Ormischurch

June 28

Bellingham entry

Ye 28th. Some gentle showers. I bowl’d, and after went to Mr Cottam’s garden to eat fruite etc.

Rawstorne entry

28  at Ormischurch

June 29

Bellingham entry

Ye 29th. A fayr day. Dr Roe came hither I was wth him while he stay’d, and att evening wth Mr. Mayor and Mr. Hornby att ye mitre.

Rawstorne entry

29 march’d to Wygan

June 30

Bellingham entry

Ye 30th. Much raine. I stayd from church in ye afternoon to write Letters. Ye militia are to goe some to Wiggan, some to Manchester, and some to lancaster

Rawstorne entry

30 at Wygan Church heard Mr. Hadden twice. lodged at Mrs. Cases