Preston Poor Tax Survey – Old Records

Fig 1. The head of the first part of the Poor Tax Book showing how the columns are laid out. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

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Notes

Fig 2.Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

The properties are assigned to three separate columns in the original document: Fields, Houses and Sundries, with a number for each (see Fig 2 left). The Fields category is self-explanatory, the Houses category is not. Although the column heading specifies number of houses it is clear from the context that in some cases the number refers to individual buildings and in others to multiple occupancy of individual buildings. The Sundries column includes non-residential buildings such as shops; again, the numbers can refer to individual buildings or parts of a building.

In some cases the annual rental values and acreages are not assigned to individual occupants but are given for the whole property. This is indicated in the entries below thus: annual rental value (joint) and acreage (joint)

Occasionally more than one location is listed in an entry. In these cases the locations given below refer to the occupants listed above them in the entry.

Sometimes the name of the occupant is followed by ‘etc’. This would seem to suggest additional occupants in the property.

Coverage
This sections is made up of a miscellany of properties from all around the town, including many owned by the borough. Places identified: Cargreaves, Moorside, Nether Bank and Riding, Goose Well, Bugmire Holes, Bears hill, Sikes, Tomlinson’s House, Tomlinson’s House, Rivington Field, South Meadow Lane Acre, Hep-grave, Great Doe Bank, Little Doe Bank, Crow Hill, Vicaridge, Intacks, Red & White Lion, Head Lands, Guild Houses, Graystock’s House, James Fishwick’s House, Horridge Land, Broom Field. Other records detail Sir Henry Hoghton’s tithes. Individual values are also given for the vicar’s Easter Offerings, &c, Surplice Dues, ‘Potatoes’ and ‘Piggs’.


Entries based on old records

Note: Here Ends the Survey of the eleven Days by the Six Persons menton’d upon the Title Page of this Book; What follows from No. 816 to the last Number 897 is collected from the Rentalls (which was Examined) and other the best Inteligence that could be obtained’

Old Rentals

816
Owner: Mr William Hardman
Occupier: James Barnes
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: Widow Parker
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Occupier: John Kay
Property: stable
Annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Mr William Hardman
Property: stable
Annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Occupier: Empty Rooms
Property: 2 houses
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate west side
Tenure: yearly rental

817
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: John Barker
Property: field
Acreage: 0.5
Annual rental value: £1 12s. 6d.
Location: In Nigher Maudlins
Tenure: leasehold

818
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Henry Barnes
Property: field and croft
Annual rental value: £0 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Henry Barnes
Property: field part
Acreage: 0.75
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: In Nigher Maudlins
Occupier: Henry Barnes
Property: field
Acreage: 0.75
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Fryer Lane east side
Tenure: leasehold

819
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Francis Battersby
Property: barn
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate without Barrs east side
Tenure: yearly rental

820
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Ellis Braday
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 1s. 0d.
Occupier: John Daniel
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate within Barrs east side
Tenure: yearly rental

821
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: John Daniel
Property: field
Name: Bears hill
Occupier: John Daniel
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value (joint): £3 5s. 0d.
Location: Fryer Lane north side
Name: Sikes
Tenure: yearly rental

822
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Anne Fartclough
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Name: Tomlinson’s House
Occupier: James Gregson
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate east side
Name: Tomlinson’s House
Tenure: yearly rental

823
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Joseph Gurnall
Property: house
Annual rental value: £5 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate east side
Tenure: yearly rental

824
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: executors of Hugh Gurnall
Property: field part of a Sikes
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £0 7s. 6d.
Location:
Tenure: yearly rental

825
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: John Newsham
Property: barn
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Back Weind on back of Joseph Gurnall’s west side
Tenure: yearly rental

826
Owner: Borough
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Mr William Shackleton
Property: warehouse
Annual rental value: £10 10s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: leasehold

827
Owner: Borough
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Mr Stanley Werden
Property: 5 fields viz. 4 Fields & Spaw Brow
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £7 14s. 0d.
Location: Marsh east side
Tenure: leasehold

828
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: John Parr
Property: house
Annual rental value: £8 15s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind south side
Tenure: leasehold

829
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Mr Peter Pedder
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate east side
Tenure: yearly rental

830
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Joseph Pert
Property: barn
Annual rental value: £0 15s. 0d.
Location: Back Weind west side on back of Joseph Gurnall’s
Tenure: yearly rental

831
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Thomas Woods
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate east side next Peter Pedder’s
Tenure: yearly rental

832
Owner: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Richard Pemberton
Property: 2 fields part of Sikes
Acreage: 5
Annual rental value: £10 5s. 0d.
Location: Fryer Lane north side
Tenure: yearly rental

833
Owner: Henry Fleetwood esq
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell
Occupier: Richard Pemberton
Property: field
Acreage: 1.5
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Marsh east side
Name: Rivington Field
Tenure: leasehold

834
Owner: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: James Hodgkinson
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £1 10s. 0d.
Location: South Meadow Lane
Name: South Meadow Lane Acre
Tenure: yearly rental

835
Owner: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: Mr John Walshman
Property: 3 fields
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £10 5s. 0d.
Location: Avenham
Tenure: yearly rental

836
Owner: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: Robert Helm
Property: field
Location: Fishergate north side
Occupier: Robert Helm
Property: field part of Common Field
Acreage (joint): 1.5
Annual rental value (joint): £7 10s. 0d.
Location: Riverside
Tenure: yearly rental

837
Owner: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: Joseph Gurnall
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: not given
Tenure: yearly rental

838
Owner: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: Thomas Hodgkinson
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £3 10s. 0d.
Location: not given
Name: Hep-grave
Tenure: yearly rental

839
Owner: Borough
Lessee: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: Mrs Gant
Property: garden
Annual rental value: £1 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Thomas Whitehead esq
Property: garden
Annual rental value: £0 5s. 0d.
Occupier: Ambrose Watson
Property: barn
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Lessee: Mr James Chorley
Occupier: Lawrence Whittle
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Occupier: unlet
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: Sike Hill
Tenure: leasehold

840
Owner: James Chorley esq
Occupier: George Graystock
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 5s. 0d.
Location: Friargate east side
Tenure: yearly rental

841
Owner: James Chorley esq
Occupier: Mr Parkinson
Property: barn
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate east side
Tenure: yearly rental

842
Owner: Alderman Mr William Atherton
Occupier: Richard Wilkinson
Property: not given
Occupier: Barnes & Holyday
Property: barn
Occupier: William Tipping
Property: not given
Occupier: Charles Holcroft
Property: barn
Occupier: Richard Gradwell
Property: barn
Occupier: Roger Walshman
Property: barn
Occupier: not given
Property: house, stable, green and garden
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value (land) (joint): £53 0s. 0d.
Annual rental value (housing) (joint): £13 0s. 0d.
Location: Spittle Moss
Tenure: not given

843
Owner: Henry Fleetwood esq
Lessee: Mr John Atherton
Occupier: Roger Walshman
Property: field
Acreage: 5
Annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: not given
Name: Great Doe Bank
Tenure: leasehold

844
Owner: Mr John Atherton
Occupier: Roger Walshman
Property: field
Acreage: 2
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: not given
Name: Little Doe Bank
Tenure: yearly rental

846
Owner: Lady Peters
Occupier: Doctor Samuel Peploe
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Great Avenham south side
Name: Crow Hill
Tenure: not given

845
Owner: Doctor Samuel Peploe
Easter Offerings, &c.
Annual rental value: £20 0s. 0d.

847
Owner: Doctor Samuel Peploe
Surplice Dues
Annual rental value: £15 0s. 0d.
Note: ‘For the whole Parish 30£ of which one half charged for the Town and its Liberties’

848
Owner: Doctor Samuel Peploe
‘Potatoes’
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.

849
Owner: Doctor Samuel Peploe
‘Piggs’
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.

850
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Doctor Samuel Peploe
Property: field
Annual rental value: £10 0s. 0d.
Location: Sike Hill
Name: Vicaridge
Tenure: leasehold

851
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: ‘Empty where John Preston was’
Property: house
Annual rental value: £14 14s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

852
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: William Cowell
Property: house
Annual rental value: £9 0s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

853
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Roger Crane
Property: house
Annual rental value: £14 10s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

854
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: James and Edmund Laithwaite
Property: house and cellar
Annual rental value: £15 16s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

855
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Mr James Bolton apothecary
Property: house
Annual rental value: £17 0s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

856
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: George Taylor
Property: shop
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

857
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Leatherbarrow of Wigan
Property: cellar
Annual rental value: £2 10s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

858
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Cooper
Property: cellar
Annual rental value: £2 15s. 0d.
Location: Hide Hill, Market Place north side
Tenure: yearly rental

859
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Mr William Wall
Property: house
Annual rental value: £16 0s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: owner occupied

860
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: James Johnson
Property: house and stable
Annual rental value: £4 4s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

861
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Ralph Crompton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

862
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: empty
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

863
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Anne Kighley widow
Property: not described
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

864
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: William Byron
Property: house
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

865
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Widow of Edward Moon
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

866
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Richard Burton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

867
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: John Bailey tailor
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

868
Owner: Mr William Wall
Occupier: Mrs Stanley
Property: house
Annual rental value: £1 15s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind north side
Tenure: yearly rental

869
Owner: John Winckley
Occupier: John Kay
Property: field
Acreage: 1
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Salter Lane west side
Tenure: yearly rental

870
Owner: Malliveret
Occupier: Mr Stanley Werden
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £0 11s. 0d.
Location: Fishergate
Tenure: not given

871
Owner: Borough
Occupier: William Lorimer ‘(was late in lease to Mr Hayhurst’)
Property:
Acreage: 4
Annual rental value: £5 4s. 6d.
Location: Churchgate Moorside
Tenure: leasehold

872
Owner: Borough
Lessee: Richard Mason ‘by assignmnet from Mr John Lamplugh’
Occupier: Henry Ward
Property:
Acreage: 4.5
Annual rental value: £6 12s. 4d.
Location: Holms-Slack
Name: Intacks
Tenure: leasehold

873
Owner: Sir Henry Hoghton Bart.
Annual rental value: £60 0s. 0d.
Location: The yearly income of rent of tithes & tithe barn
Tenure: owner occupied

Note: From Numb. 874 to Numb 896, both inclusive, and Numb. 725, upon Folio 39, is an Acct. of Several Parcels of Land and Housing, that is collected from the Rental of the Burrough, the which wants to be enquired into, Viz. What the respective Yearly Values, or Yearly Rents of them are; for in this following Acct. from No. 874, to No. 896, both inclusive & of No. 725, upon Folio 39, is only an Acct. what the Boroughreceives Yearly.’

874
Owner: Borough
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: field part
Acreage: not given
Location: Cargreaves north side
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: shop
Location: not given
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: bay of building
Rent due at Martinmas and Pentecost (joint): £1 10s. 0d.
Location: St John’s Weind (see No. 721
Tenure: not given

875
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Henry Fleetwood esq
Property: porches
Rent due at Martinmas and Pentecost: £0 1s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate north side
Name: Red & White Lion
Tenure: not given

876
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Henry Fleetwood esq
Property: 2 fields parcels
Rent due at Martinmas and Pentecost: £0 2s. 6d.
Location:
Name: Head Lands
Tenure: not given

877
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mr James Derbyshire
Property: ‘Little back shop’
Rent due at Martinmas and Pentecost: £0 5s. 0d.
Location: Old Narrow Shambles
Tenure: not given

878
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Alderman Mr Wall
Property: ‘a burgage and croft’
Rent due at Martinmas and Pentecost: £0 2s. 2d.
Location: north end of Lancaster Lane
Tenure: not given

879
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Henry Clayton
Property: field, house cottage and a piece of waste ground
Rent due at Martinmas and Pentecost: £0 4s. 0d.
Location: within East Moor Gate
Tenure: not given

880
Owner: Borough
Occupier: George Farrington esq
Property: Fishery and half of Holme
Rent due at the Annunciation and St Michael: £12 0s. 0d.
Note:

X
Owner: Borough
Occupier: George Man
Property: house
Tenure: not given
Note: ‘In Lancaster; 5s. (Omitted numbering & bringing Forward into the Money Columns because not within the Liberties of Preston’)

881
Owner: Borough
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 2s. 0d.
Location: not given
Name: Guild Houses
Tenure: not given

882
Owner: Borough
Occupier: executors of George Drinkwater
Property: house
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 1s. 0d.
Location: Friargate
Tenure: not given

883
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mr Rigby
Property: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 1d.
Location: not given
Name: Bugmire Holes
Tenure: not given

884
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mr Mercer
Property: house
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 3d.
Location: not given
Name: Graystock’s House
Tenure: not given

885
Owner: Borough
Occupier: William Greenfield esq
Property: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 10s. 0d.
Location: Land late Mr Banister’s sold to Roger Charnock
Tenure: not given

886
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Henry Fleetwood esq
Property: house
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 3s. 4d.
Location: Churchgate north side
Name: James Fishwick’s House
Tenure: not given

887
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Henry Fleetwood esq
Property: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 6d.
Location: not given
Name: Horridge Land
Tenure: not given

888
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Henry Fleetwood esq and Mr John Winder ‘See No. 797 & 798’
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 2s. 0d.
Location: middle of Peel Moor
Name: Broom Field
Tenure: not given

889
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mrs Hodgkinson
Property: field
Acreage: 1.25
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 1s. 5d.
Location: Moorside
Tenure: not given

890
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Lady Peter
Property: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 4d.
Location: Issuing out of Nether Bank & Riding
Tenure: not given

891
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Madam Patten
Property: house
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 3d.
Location: Issuing out of a House near Goose Well
Tenure: not given

892
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mr Thomas Addison
Property: field parcel
Acreage: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 1s. 8d.
Location: Fryer Lane formerly D: Brownes
Tenure: not given

893
Owner: Borough
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 3d.
Location: near Bugmire Holes
Tenure: not given

894
Owner: Borough
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: encroachment
Acreage: not given
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 4d.
Location: on Peel Moor
Tenure: not given

895
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mr William Walmsley
Property: field
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 6d.
Location: Moorside
Tenure: not given

896
Owner: Borough
Occupier: Mr William Walmsley
Property: house
Rent due at Michaelmas: £0 0s. 2d.
Location: Churchgate – formerly Mr Walton’s
Tenure: not given

897
Owner: Borough
Property: tolls
Annual rental value (land): £100 0s. 0d.
Note: the surveyors placed this figure in the column for the annual rental value of land. It is unclear whether this was the annual income from tolls. It is a suspiciously rounded figure.

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