Preston Poor Tax Survey – 1 August 1732

Fig 1. The head of the first part of the Poor Tax Book showing how the columns are laid out. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

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Notes

Fig 2. Image courtesy of Lancashire Archives (CNP/3/1/11)

The properties are assigned to three separate columns in the original document: Fields, Houses and Sundries, with a number for each (see Fig 2 left). The Fields category is self-explanatory, the Houses category is not. Although the column heading specifies number of houses it is clear from the context that in some cases the number refers to individual buildings and in others to multiple occupancy of individual buildings. The Sundries column includes non-residential buildings such as shops; again, the numbers can refer to individual buildings or parts of a building.

In some cases the annual rental values and acreages are not assigned to individual occupants but are given for the whole property. This is indicated in the entries below thus: annual rental value (joint) and acreage (joint)

Occasionally more than one location is listed in an entry. In these cases the locations given below refer to the occupants listed above them in the entry.

Sometimes the name of the occupant is followed by ‘etc’. This would seem to suggest additional occupants in the property.

The date refers to the day on which the survey of these properties was carried out.

Coverage
By this time the surveyors seem to have been running out of steam. Their inspections numbered only 38, mainly to the north of Marsh Lane and west of Moor Lane but with trips back to South Meadow Lane and Church Street. Places identified: Windmill Field, Balshaw Crofts, Farting Hill, Ox Heys, Bullen’s Crofts and House, Birkets Field, Moorside , Pye’s Field, Bogmoor Hole, Orchan Park, Hole House.


The entries for 1 August 1732

736
Owner: Mr John Atherton
Lessee: Mr Robert Hayhurst
Occupier: William Walmsley senior
Property: field
Acreage: 2.5
Annual rental value: £6 5s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Townend
Name: Windmill Field
Tenure: leasehold

737
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: Mrs Gradwell widow
Occupier: James Jameson
Property: field
Acreage: 0.25
Annual rental value: £0 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Townend joining east side Mill Field
Tenure: leasehold

738
Owner: Widow Harrison [of] Lea
Lessee:
Occupier: William Graystock
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: 2.25
Annual rental value: £7 7s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Name: Balshaw Crofts
Tenure: yearly rental

739
Owner: Mr John Atherton
Occupier: Henry Parr ‘taken of Mr Richard Prescott’
Property: field
Acreage: 1
Annual rental value: £2 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: yearly rental

740
Owner: Blundall
Lessee: Alderman William Atherton
Occupier: John Woodburne
Property: field
Acreage: 1.125
Annual rental value: £3 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: leasehold

741
Owner: Thomas Aldred
Occupier: Henry Gregson
Property: field
Acreage: 0.25
Annual rental value: £0 15s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: yearly rental

742
Owner: Mr William Hardman
Occupier: Mr William Hardman
Property: field
Acreage: 1.75
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Name: ‘As Farting Hill’
Tenure: owner occupied

743
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: John Walne
Occupier: James Moor
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £6 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: leasehold

744
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: John Walne
Occupier: Henry Gregson
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: leasehold

745
Owner: Lady Peters
Lessee: John Walne
Occupier: Henry Gregson
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £6 5s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: leasehold
Note: ‘one of the fields extends to the Moor Brook’

746
Owner: Mr John Garlicke
Occupier: John Pilkington
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £12 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: yearly rental

747
Owner: Mr John Garlicke
Occupier: John Newsham
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £6 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: yearly rental

748
Owner: Mr John Garlicke
Occupier: Henry Baynes
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Tenure: yearly rental

749
Owner: executors of Thomas Cowban
Occupier: Thomas Pedder
Property: 9 fields
Acreage: 18
Annual rental value: £25 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor Lane north side
Name: Ox Heys
Tenure: yearly rental

750
Owner: executors of Mr Bradley
Occupier: Joseph Gurnall
Property: 3 fields
Acreage: 7
Annual rental value: £9 9s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor west side
Tenure: yearly rental

751
Owner: executors of Mr Bradley
Occupier: James Gurnall
Property: 4 fields
Acreage: 6.5
Annual rental value: £12 10s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor west side
Tenure: yearly rental

752
Owner: executors of Mr Bradley
Occupier: Peter Farling
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: 1.5
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor west side
Tenure: yearly rental

753
Owner: executors of Mr Bradley
Occupier: Edward Sharrock
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: 3
Annual rental value: £5 0s. 0d.
Location: west side of lane leading to the Hall from Moor
Tenure: yearly rental

754
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: Lawrence Wall esq
Property: 3 fields
Acreage: 4.5
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: not given
Name: Brows
Tenure: owner occupied

755
Owner: William Greefield esq
Occupier: Henry Ashurst
Property: 2 fields and house
Acreage: 1.25
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Lane leading to, and near Moorside Hall north side
Name: Bullen’s Crofts and House
Tenure: yearly rental
Note: annual listing of house not listed separately

756
Owner: Mr John Atherton
Lessee: Lawrence Wall ‘lease purchased of John Riding’
Occupier: Mr John Nock
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: 2.5
Annual rental value: £4 10s. 0d.
Location: near Friargate Moor
Tenure: leasehold

757
Owner: Robert Helm
Occupier: Robert Helm
Property: field
Acreage: 1
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moorgate west side
Tenure: owner occupied

758
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: Widow Leach
Property: 3 fields
Acreage: 3
Annual rental value: £7 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor west side
Tenure: leasehold

759
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: Lawrence Wall esq
Property: field
Acreage: 1.5
Annual rental value: £2 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor near the Brook leading to Hatch Mill west side
Name: Birkets Field
Tenure: owner occupied
Note: note reads ‘this is a mistake NW’ but does not specify what part of the entry is mistaken or what the mistake is.

760
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: Lawrence Wall esq
Property:
Acreage: not given £s.d.
Location: Friargate Moor west side
Name: Moorside Estate late in possession of Fox. And Pye’s Field
Tenure: owner occupied

761
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: James Hodgson
Property: field
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £50 0s. 0d.
Location: Friargate Moor west side
Name: ‘Moorside Estate late in possession of Fox. And Pye’s Field’
Tenure: yearly rental

762
Owner: Longton School
Lessee: executors of Mr Bradley
Occupier: not given
Property: field
Acreage: 2
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: uncertain
Tenure: not given
Note: Near midway between Lancaster Lane end and Moorside Hall; As p. Acct. from Joseph Gurnall, and [space] son of Richard Whittle, who say there is such a Field as No. 762. Tho’ &c. on Left hand’. This last refers to a note on the facing page which reads ‘Tho’ it is said on Right-hand that there is such a Field as No. 762 above; yet as John Wilkinson gives me Account, that there is no such a Field. I have not taxed the same, but have referr’d it to be further examined. – W.H. there is no such field NW:’

763
Owner: Lawrence Wall esq
Occupier: James Hodgson
Property: 5 fields
Acreage: 11
Annual rental value: £11 0s. 0d.
Location: Late William Arkwrights Estate
Tenure: yearly rental

764
Owner: Grimbaldeston
Occupier: Mrs Woods
Property: 2 fields
Acreage: 3
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: south of and near Hatch Mill
Tenure: yearly rental

765
Owner: Mrs Parkinson widow
Occupier: Thomas Cooke
Property: field
Acreage: 1.25
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Lancaster Lane west side
Tenure: yearly rental

766
Owner: Henry Fleetwood esq
Lessee: executors of Billington
Occupier: Robert Hudson
Property: 3 fields
Acreage: 2.25
Annual rental value: £6 0s. 0d.
Location: Graystock Brook
Tenure: leasehold

767
Owner: John Cumbrall
Lessee: Widow Pye
Occupier: John Newsham
Property: field
Acreage: 3
Annual rental value: £5 16s. 0d.
Location: Marsh Lane north side
Name: Bogmoor Hole
Tenure: leasehold

768
Owner: John Winckley esq
Occupier: Mrs Sudell
Property: part of garden
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £0 5s. 0d.
Location: Churchgate south side (back of Mrs Gants)
Tenure: yearly rental

769
Owner: Mr Richard King
Occupier: Lawrence Pemberton and John Cooke
Property: field
Acreage: 0.125
Annual rental value: £0 7s. 6d.
Location: South Meadow Lane west side
Name: Orchan Park
Tenure: yearly rental

770
Owner: Henry Fleetwood esq
Occupier: John Jolly
Property: not given
Acreage: not given
Annual rental value: £25 0s. 0d.
Location: Farther Maudlins
Tenure: leasehold

771
Owner: John Winckley esq
Occupier: John Winckley esq
Property: not given
Acreage: 24
Annual rental value: £33 0s. 0d.
Location: not given
Name: Hole House
Tenure: owner occupied

772
Owner: Borough
Lessee: executors of James Clifton
Occupier: Mr William Rishton
Property: house
Annual rental value: £3 0s. 0d.
Location: Marsh
Tenure: leasehold
Note: ‘As part of this House is in Ashton, whats within Preston is Rented 3£ per Ann. As above’

773
Owner: Borough
Lessee: Thomas Cardwell
Occupier: Richard Wilding
Property: house
Annual rental value: £4 0s. 0d.
Location: Marsh Lane End
Tenure: leasehold

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