May 1689

For background information about the diaries and their transcribers see Introduction


May 1

Bellingham entry

[no entry]

Rawstorne entry

i at Preston & Bowles at Swans’s


May 2

Bellingham entry

[no entry]

Rawstorne entry

2 at Preston dyned at Ancor


May 3

Bellingham entry

[no entry]

Rawstorne entry

3 at Preston & at prayers & dyned at Ancor wth Mr. Mayor Mr. Starkey [not identified] Capt. Longworth & Mr. Cross de Darwin [not identified] at Mr Cowleys [not identified] charge Excise officer


May 4

Bellingham entry

[no entry]

Rawstorne entry

4 at Preston & at prayers & at dinner at home my brother wth us & after wth him and others at Mary Rigby’s [hostelry, location unknown] 3


May 5

Bellingham entry

[no entry]

Rawstorne entry

5 at Preston & at the Church, heard Dr. Hughes Major Generall Kirks Chaplaine 2 the first on proverbs i0: & 9: hee that walketh upright walketh surely, the 2d on i Corinths 6: & 20: for ye are bought with a price &c Excellently well [Harrison is doubtful about the transcription here, inserting ([?] [at he])] [1] Majoe. Generall Kirk came in About 5 vewed the regiemt. [Hughes and Kirk not identified]

[1] Richard D. Harrison, ‘The Rawstorne Diary, 1687-89’ (typescript, nd), 121, Search Room, Lancashire Archives.

May 6

Bellingham entry

[no entry]

Rawstorne entry

6 at preston, waited on the Majoe Geneall [Kirk] was at Coffeehouse wth. Dr. Hughes [not identified] & at prayers, & at Coz: ffranks’s ‘ith’ fryergate at Supper wth: Leiuetent: Coll Saint James Capt. Bell:ingham Capt. Barber, Mr Mayor Mr Lemon, Dr Hughes Mr Greenfield [Christopher or Thomas] & others.


May 7

Bellingham entry

May ye 7th. A fayr day. I bowld wth Coll St. Johns, etc. Express came from Liverpoole yt Derry [besieged by James II’s troops] holds out still.

Rawstorne entry

7 at Preston & went to Penwortham after dinner went to the Christning=
Christianing of Rich: Pemberton’s [not identified] Sonne Edward, Brother ffleetwood & Capt Clayton Godfathers, my wife Godmother,.


May 8

Bellingham entry

Ye 8th. A very hott day. I din’d wth ye officers and sate wth ye Coll till near 12 att night.

Rawstorne entry

8 at Preston & at prayers, after dinner went to Swansey’s wth Mr Mayor & others, return’d before 7 was after at the funerall of Coz: ffranck’s Child this day he lent me 50l. for 5 weeks


May 9

Bellingham entry

Ye 9th. A hott day. I din’d wth Cousen Johnson, bowl’d, and was att dancing wth ye officers, att Mrs Tophams, wth some of ye young ladyes of ye town.

Rawstorne entry

9 at Preston & at prayers

Comment

Mrs Topham’s could have been a private residence or a place of public entertainment. Bellingham (3 March 1690) reports viewing lodgings at Tophams.


May 10

Bellingham entry

Ye 10th. A hott day. Mr. Sharpless [an entry in Bellingham’s diary for 7 February 1689 suggests Sharples was an Irish gentleman] came to see me. Major Roe [not identified] came to town. I saw Mr. Griffith [not identified] and payd him ye 10 Guineas wch his brother sent me.

Rawstorne entry

i0 at Preston & at prayers & at M: Rigb’ys [Alexander?]


May 11

Bellingham entry

Ye 11th. A hott day. Ye battalion of 7 Companyes drew out and exerciz’d well. I din’d wth ye officers. Made upp accounts with my sister and Mrs. Gregson [possibly wife of Josiah Gregson].

Rawstorne entry

ii at Preston & at prayers & at M: Roes ‘ith’ weend [hostelry location uncertain] wth Mr Hesketh & ‘s brother [there were many Heskeths among the gentry in this part of Lancashire].


May 12

Bellingham entry

Ye 12th. A hott day. Hughes, Chaplain to Kirk’s Regiment, preach’d an excellent sermon. Capt Berry and I walk’t to ye boat house to see Tom Fleetwood. My wife, sister, and the girls came to us. Birch preach’d in the afternoon.

Rawstorne entry

i2 at Preston Church heard Dr Hugh Major Generall Kirks Chaplaine & the Vicar newly come home, at ‘s house after

Comment

The regiment would be that of Col Percy Kirke. Col Kirk was the son of a former MP for Clitheroe, and himself served briefly as an MP for West Looe in 1689. He had a long military career during which he served as a governor of Tangier, earning a reputation there for cruelty and corruption. His excesses in the treatment of prisoners after Monmouth’s rebellion gained him further notoriety. He rose to the rank of general under William III, seeing service at the siege of Londonderry, to where his regiment would have been headed . He died in 1691. [1] Hewitson presumes Capt Berry to be William Berry of Ormskirk, but supplies no evidence.

[1] ‘KIRKE, Percy (d.1691), of Whitehall. | History of Parliament Online’, accessed 20 March 2018, http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/kirke-percy-1691.

May 13

Bellingham entry

Ye 13th. A fayr day. Ye Battalion drew out. An express came for them to march immediately to Ormskirke. I went parte of ye way wth them, and was wth Capt Withers, Develin, and Bickerstaffe [last two not identified] late.

Rawstorne entry

i3 at Preston & went to Rufforth [Rufford] to the funerall of Mr. Cappell [not identified] after Sharrocks the Alehouse [not identified] wth. my brother Mr. Mayor Sr. Rich: Standish Sr Tho: Standley Capt. Staughton [not identified] & others


May 14

Bellingham entry

Ye 14th. A hott day. Ye King’s declaration of Warr against ye French King. I sup’t att cousen Patten’s [Thomas or William] and eat chard.

Rawstorne entry

i4 at Preston & at prayers: ‘ith afternoon at Jon Crabtrees [hostelry, not identified] wth Mr Rigby o’th’ Gorse [not known which of the many Rigbys  this is] & after at Margret Wildings [hostelry, not identified] wth Mr Mayor Mr Patten [Thomas or William] & others Comssrs: for the [Ayd] went after wth Mr Mayor to Walton

Comment

The declaration of war with France brought England into coalition with a number of European powers which had already declared war. Anti-French feeling in England was inflamed by accounts of the suffering of the Protestants in Ireland where the Jacobites had taken control of nearly all the island, with the notable exception of Londonderry, the plight of whose inhabitants was becoming increasingly desperate. Rawstorne’s reference to Commissioners for the Aid presumably refers to the Royal Aid mentioned in his entry for 24 April 1689.


May 15

Bellingham entry

Ye 15th. A very hott day. I walk’t in ye morning. Went to ye marsh [probably to Swanseys, judging by Rawstorne’s reference] in ye afternoon, and saw Mr Parker [probably Christopher Parker of Bradkirk Hall, or one of the Browsholme Parkers], etc.

Rawstorne entry

i5 at Preston & not at prayers, Mr Mayoe sent to mee to goe to Swanseys where we dyned, ’twas the bowling day.


May 16

Bellingham entry

Ye 16th. A fayr day. I play’d att Mr. Chaddocks, and was treated. I walk’d wth Nabby [wife] on Enam [Avenham].

Rawstorne entry

i6 at Preston & at prayers at Penwortham dyned ther & returned by 5


May 17

Bellingham entry

Ye 17th. A windy day. Mr Kenyon came to town. 5 justices of peace sworn. I was wth Mr Kenyon and them.

Rawstorne entry

i7 at preston, & at Ancor, Mr Kenion gave the Oathes of Allegiance & Supremacie & the Oath of a Justice of peace to mee Mr. Patten Mr Tho: Rigby Capt Longworth & Tho: Holden dyned there all of us, was a Marie Rigbye’s for 3 onely, & at Mr Ja: Cowps [hostelries, not identified]

Comment

New county magistrates were being sworn in to replace those imposed by James II shortly before the Revolution. There are two possible candidates for the Rigby mentioned here: Thomas Rigby of Goosnargh and Thomas Rigby of Whittle-le-Woods, both of who later became sheriffs of Lancashire. [1]

[1] ‘High Sheriff of Lancashire’, Wikipedia, 5 March 2018, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=High_Sheriff_of_Lancashire&oldid=828921905.

May 18

Bellingham entry

Ye 18th. A fayr day and wind for ye forces who are gone to Derry. Some hail in ye evening. I was wth Mr. Fleetwood and his cousen, of banke, late.

Rawstorne entry

i8 at Preston & at prayers

Comment

Mr Fleetwood’s cousin would probably have been Christopher Banastre of Bank Hall, whose daughter married Thomas Fleetwood


May 19

Bellingham entry

Ye 19th. Some raine in ye night. Ye Curate preach’d in ye morning and Mr Gregory in ye afternoon. I walk’d to Walton and saw Mr Houghton.

Rawstorne entry

i9 at Preston Church heard Mr Bland & received the Sacrament, & went to Margret Coxams in Longton to see Cousin Boswells, Barbery & Amilia [these persons not identified]


May 20

Bellingham entry

Ye 20th. A rany morning wth some hail. Ye wind N.W.

Rawstorne entry

20 at Preston & at Mr pattens [probably Thomas, possibly William] to examine Irish souldiers & committed them toth’ house of correction & was afternoone at Ancor wth the Comssrs: for the Poll, & at Jo: Cottams & Mr Ja: Cowps [hostelries, not identified]

Comment

The Irish soldiers were presumably some of James’s troops attempting to return to Ireland. The commissioners were possibly the same commissioners referred to in Rawstorne’s entry for May 14.


May 21

Bellingham entry

Ye 21th. A fayr day. I din’d wth ye Mayor att Penwortham. Mr. Barton [possibly the clergyman of that name] and French [not identified] came to this town. I was wth them late att ye anchor.

Rawstorne entry

2i at preston & not at prayers, went before that to Penwortham wth Mr Mayor & Capt Bellingham, was at Boathouse in oe returne wth my Brother & Coz: ffleetwood [possibly Richard Fleetwood]


May 22

Bellingham entry

Ye 22th. A fayr day. Shooting at bootts [butts] between Fletcher and Etherington [neither identified]. Fletcher won. After went to the marsh and bowl’d. Stay’d late with Mr. French.

Rawstorne entry

22 at Preston & at prayers, Gave to the Irish poore protestants il-is-6d & my wife gave i0s: pd the day before to the royall Aid is [see May 14 entry].


May 23

Bellingham entry

Ye 23th. Much raine this morning. Mr. French went hence. Serjeant Walls was buryed. We supt att W. Patten’s.

Rawstorne entry

23 at Preston & at prayers & at Ancor to hear Complaint about a tax relating to the royall Aid adjourned toth hall [town hall] where wee met about Papists Convictions [summoned] but appeared not.

Comment

It would seem from Rawstorne’s entry that the recusancy penalties relaxed under James II were now being enforced


May 24

Bellingham entry

Ye 24th. A fayr, temperate day. Sr John Coghill gave me an account of another great defeat given by those of Derry to ye beseigers. I was with Char. Rigby and Mr. Gibbs. I receiv’d a letter in great haste from Sr J. Coghill yt his sonne lay very ill.

Rawstorne entry

24 at preston & went to Hutton ’twas the [Manor] Court there, was at Heardsle’s [?] in my returne, Mr Steward [?] & I & my brother & Mr Standley [unclear which Stanley this is] came to us


May 25

Bellingham entry

Ye 25th. Some raine. I was wth Sr Rich Standish and Mr. Fleetwood. There came in a detachment of Dragoons of Collnel Leviston’s [commanded by Lt-Col Edward Matthews]. They are 60 besides officers.

Rawstorne entry

25 at Preston & at prayers & Talbot


May 26

Bellingham entry

Ye 26th. A fair day. This morning about 4 I fell very ill, tooke a vomitt, and began to mend about 10. Mr Gibbs preach’d twice. I had several visitants, among them Mr. Gibbs.

Rawstorne entry

26 at Preston Church heard Parson Gypps twice.


May 27

Bellingham entry

Ye 27th. A fayr day. I bowl’d in ye afternoon wth ye Lewt. Coll. Matthewes, and sup’t att cousen Patten’s [Thomas or William].

Rawstorne entry

27 at Preston & ‘ith’ Court house about the Poll Act & the Aid, & at Mr Cowps [hostelry not identified] and Mitre wth Mr Rigbyes [unclear which Rigbys are referred to] & Capt Longweth [Longworth?]


May 28

Bellingham entry

Ye 28th. A fayr day. I saw ye Dragoons exercise very well. Great cocking att ye marsh. Some Dragoons went out this evening to search for Papists’ armes. I tooke ye bitter draught this morning; wrought well.

Rawstorne entry

28 at Preston & at prayers & Mr Pattens [Thomas or William], comitted a Priest one Tuttell to Lanc. [Lancaster] Mr Patten joyned wth mee was after both of us wth Lt. Collonell Matthews at george Ratcliffs for 3 only


May 29

Bellingham entry

Ye 29th. A fayr morning, but a very wett afternoon. I was att ye marsh, and saw severall matches att cock fighting.

Rawstorne entry

29 at Preston & at prayers and at Jo: Rigbyes [hostelry, not identified] wth Coz: ffleetwood of Lailand [probably Richard Fleetwood] p3


May 30

Bellingham entry

Ye 30th. A fayr day. I went wth ye officers to ye marsh, and bowld most of ye afternoon. Ye Dragoons return’d wth severall Papists’ horses, but little worth.

Rawstorne entry

30 at Preston & at prayers, Coz Milford & ‘s wife [?] called of us & Sister ff: [wife of Edward Fleetwood] & A: [?] met ‘m


May 31

Bellingham entry

Ye 31st. Much raine; ye wind att S. We hear that Kirke [?] is again off. I bowld wth ye officers, and went to see cousen Patten [Thomas or William], newly come from Lancaster.

Rawstorne entry

3i at Preston & at prayers ’twas this day no 30 [utd up ra ’tis] a mistake [Harrison describes this entry as unintelligible]

Comment

Patten was presumably returning from Lancaster after escorting Fr Christopher Tootle there.