Jackson, Richard – innkeeper

Richard Jackson was landlord of the White Bull  in Church Street (later the Bull and Royal) Preston (see plan), from at least 1684, when he is mentioned in Lawrence Rawstorne‘s diary entry for November. He would appear to have arrived in Preston sometime between the 1662 and 1682 guilds, as no Jacksons appear in the rolls for the first and a Richard Jackson is recorded as a new burgess in the latter. [1]

He was probably the Richard Jackson who was recorded as assaulted by Ralph Eaves at the April 1677 court leet. Jackson appears frequently in the court leet records between then and 1715, as a jury member, corporation official and charged with various offences relating to properties scattered around the town as well as being accused of illegal hare coursing in October 1682. [2]

A more serious charge was levelled in the same records in October 1695:

12 Richard Jackson Inkeep was duly elected, nominated and appointed one of the viewers of fflesh and ffish att this prsent Court Leet, and was called upon to take the usuall oath for that purpose which hee premtorily refused to doe in order to execute the said Office to the great diservice of the Town and the evill example of others. Therefore to bee ffined att the discretion of Mr. Recorder and a more fit pson elected to the said Office which tends soe much to the genrall good and wellfare of all the Inhabitants within this Burrough.

This refusal to take the oath could be related to his Catholicism. Jackson was involved with the mission that was established at Fishwick when James II eased the restrictions on Catholics and Viscount Molyneux leased the Fishwick Hall estate for the Benedictines who built a chapel there and where worship continued into the early 18th century. Two bells, organs and a pulpit were said to have been hidden in the grounds around the time of the 1715 Jacobite rebellion, before being taken away by Richard Jackson and stored in the cellar of the White Bull. Jackson was said to be the agent of the priests when he was examined in 1716 and 1718 following the rebellion. [3]

[1] W. A. Abram, The Rolls of Burgesses at the Guilds Merchant of the Borough of Preston, Co. of Lancaster, 1397-1682 (Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1884), 171, https://archive.org/details/rollsburgessesa00langoog.
[2] ‘Preston Court Leet Records’, accessed 29 January 2017, http://c5110394.myzen.co.uk/mw/index.php?title=Main_Page.
[3] Henry Fishwick, The History of the Parish of Preston (Rochdale: The Aldine Press, 1900), 306.