The Threlfalls were a Catholic gentry family established at The Ashes, Goosnargh. The diarist Thomas Bellingham records a visit to Goosnargh where he dined with a Mr Threlfall and his wife, who brought ‘a brace of carps’ to the table (28 February 1689). These Threlfalls were probably Cuthbert, a younger son of Edmund who died in 1617, and his wife, Mary. It was Cuthbert who succeeded to the estate, which was forfeited under the Commonwealth but later regained. He died in 1692. His eldest son, Edmund, was a noted Jacobite who featured in the ‘Lancashire plot’ (see the Clifton family entry). In August 1690, he was killed by party of militia after being surprised near his home at the Ashes.
Bellingham again records receiving a brace of carp from Mrs Threlfall (30 March 1689), and in a later entry notes ‘Threllford escap’d’ which might refer to Edmund Threlfall, suggesting that the Jacobite had been apprehended earlier and then escaped to enjoy a few months of freedom at Goosnargh before his death at the hands of the militia (1 May 1690).