Gormanston Register – Preston title deeds of the 13th and 14th centuries

Reproduced from page xi of James Mills and M. J. McEnery, eds., Calendar of the Gormanston Register, from the Original in the Possession of the Right Honourable the Viscount of Gormanston (Dublin, printed at the University Press, for the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 1916)

 

At the end of the 14th century Sir Christopher de Preston, lord of the manor of Gormanston, near Drogheda in Ireland, compiled the Register Book of the Lords of Gormanston, a collection of title deeds relating to the Preston family, including 79 separate documents relating to the town of Preston in the 13th and 14th centuries. The original register is held at the National Library of Ireland. It is one of the earliest items in the collection and is not open for inspection. A copy is available on microfilm (Microfilm p.5071).

A calendar of the register was published in Latin by the Historical Manuscripts Commission (HMC) in 1874 [1] and Henry Fishwick translated a selection to include in his History of Preston. [2] The register was again calendared, this time with more detail and in English, for the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland (RSAI) and published in 1916 [3], the editors noting that

The clerks who transcribed the principal section of the Register, folios 13-187, were very indifferent Latin scholars, and their work is full of errors. These are so numerous that the production of a complete text would have proved a very unsatisfactory work. They were wholly unskilled in the reading of the handwriting of the older charters, the capital letters especially proving hopeless stumbling-blocks. As a result many of the less familiar names, such as those of the witnesses, are so misrepresented as to be often wholly unrecognizable in the forms in which scribes of the Register have preserved them. [4]

Below are those records in the register that relate to the town of Preston, as they are set out in the RSAI calendar. [5] The RSAI editors do not discuss the ordering of the deeds, which when dated are by regnal year. They have converted these dates to modern calendar years, treating the year as beginning in January.

Sometimes, when a deed is not dated the editors add an approximate year, but they do not give their reasons. Other deeds have neither original date nor approximation by the RSAI editors, but most of these can be approximately dated by comparison with Preston deeds in the Cockersand cartulary. A number of names are common to both documents and sufficiently distinctive to overcome the usual ambiguities in distinguishing medieval surnames. They are: Robert the forester, Master William, Benedict the clerk and William the physician. Deed No 50, dated 1312, refers to land ‘which formerly belonged to Benedict the clerk, grantor’s great-grandfather, in the town of Preston’, which puts Benedict well back in the 13th century. The dates assigned to these undated deeds are those used by William Farrer, the editor of the cartulary, although it should be noted that he does not give evidence for his dating.

The editors variously use round brackets and square brackets to mark off their additions and comments. There does not appear to be any semantic reason for this, so here round brackets indicate their contributions and square brackets are used for notes added on this web site. The RSAI editors render Preston as ‘Prestoun’ throughout their text, the HMC editors use ‘Preston’. Prestoun adds nothing, so Preston is used here. There are other slight differences between the two texts, which will be noted only if they have a bearing on the information being conveyed. Land measurements are given in some of the deeds, but whether these are statute or customary measures is not specified.

The register entries have been artificially numbered here for ease of referencing.

The Register

[1] Charter. Albric, son of Robert, the son of Adam de Preston, has granted to Roger Award of Preston, his heirs or assigns, all the lands and tenements which Albric has of the gift of his father Robert in the town of Preston, together with a rent of eight shillings issuing from the houses of William Sourlond and Adam de Hyde, to hold of the chief lord of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. Albric and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Saturday before the feast of the Epiphany, a.r. ix. Edward son of King Edward. (3 Jan., 1316.)

[2] Charter. The Mayor and community of the town of Preston, have granted to Roger Auward of Preston, his heirs or assigns, half an acre and thirteen perches (fall’) of meadow, with the appurtenances, lying on Auenamendis (or Aaenamedys) [? Avenham meadows] in the town of Preston: to hold of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed. Grantors will warrant. Sealed by grantors with their common seal.
Dated at Preston on Friday before the feast of St. Edward the bishop, a.r. ix. Edward son of King Edward. (1315-16.)

[3] Charter. Roger Award of Preston, has granted to Albric, son of Robert de Preston[,] and Alice his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, all the lands and tenements in the town of Preston which he had of the gift of Albric: to hold to Albric, Alice, and the heirs of their bodies, lawfully begotten, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services accustomed, with all the liberties and easements to the premises in said town belonging: and should Alice die without such heirs, the premises shall remain to Albric and the heirs of his body, with further remainders after the decease of Albric, and Alice his wife, to Matilda, sister of Albric, and to John, brother of Albric, reversion to Roger the grantor, and his heirs. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Thursday before the feast of St. Gregory, a.r. ix. Edward II. (11 Mar., 1316.)

[4] Charter. Albred [Albric], son of Robert de Preston, has granted to sir Richard de Catesby, chaplain, his chief messuage in the town of Preston, with the gardens and curtilages adjacent; a certain small croft, lying near the land of John de Asshetoun towards the Friars minor in the same town; a certain place of grantor’s land as enclosed within the foss and hedge, called Ben ryddyng in the same town; and six parts of the grantor’s land called Dales, lying in the field called the Neufele [New Field] in the same town: to hold to sir Richard, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services accustomed, for ever. Albred and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday the morrow of the Epiphany, a.r. xvij. Edward III. (7 Jan., 1344.)

[5] Entail. Richard de Catesby, chaplain, has granted to Albred, son of Robert de Preston, and Agnes his wife, the messuage and all the tenements in the town of Preston, which he has of the gift of said Albred; to hold to Albred and Agnes, and the heirs by them lawfully begotten, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed; should grantees die without heirs, the premises shall remain to Robert, son of Roger de Preston, and his heirs, for ever; to be held of the chief lords of that fee by the like services. Richard and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Sunday after the feast of the Epiphany, a.r. xvij. Edward III. (11 Jan., 1344.)

[6] Charter. Matilda, widow of Roger de Preston, has granted to her son Robert, all the lands, messuages, and tenements in Preston, in Aumundemess [Amounderness], which formerly belonged to Albred, her brother: to hold to Robert, his heirs and assigns, for ever, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed. Sealed by grantor.
Dated on Sunday the feast of Pentecost, a.r. xxiv. Edward III. (16 May, 1350.)

[7] Charter. Robert de Preston and Cristiana, his wife, have granted to Roger de Preston, his heirs or assigns, three messuages and a windmill, six and a half acres of land, and a moiety of a messuage, with the appurtenances, in Preston in Aumundernesse [Amounderness]; together with the reversion of eleven acres of land, half an acre of meadow, and a moiety of a messuage, with the appurtenances in the same town, which Robert, son of Roger de Preston, holds for the term of his life, by demise from the said Cristiana: to hold of the chief lord of that fee, by the services thereto appertaining, for ever. Grantors and their heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantors.
Dated at Preston on Sunday after the feast of the Epiphany, a.r. xix. Edward son of King Edward. (12 Jan., 1326.)

[8] Fine between Roger de Preston, plaintiff, by William Bartaille, his attorney, by writ of the King, and Robert, son of William de Preston, taverner, and Cristiana, his wife, deforciants, of four messuages, a mill, eighteen acres of land and an acre of meadow, with the appurtenances, in Preston in Amundernesse, whereof a plea of covenant was summoned between them. The deforciants acknowledge the premises to be the right of the said Roger, and, in the court, render him three messuages, the mill, six acres of land and half a messuage, of said tenements: to hold to Roger and his heirs of the chief lords of that fee, by the services thereto appertaining, for ever. And Robert and Cristiana have granted for themselves and the heirs of Cristiana, that eleven acres of land, and half a messuage held by Robert, son of Roger de Preston for life of the inheritance of Cristiana in said town on the date of this fine, and which, after his death, should revert to Robert son of William and Cristiana, and the heirs of the said Cristiana, shall remain to the said Roger de Preston and his heirs, after the decease of said Robert, son of Roger; to hold as the former portion of the premises is held. Robert son of William, and Cristiana and her heirs, will warrant. For this fine plaintiff has given to deforciants 100 marks.
Dated on the Octave of the Purification of the B.V.M., a.r. xix. Edward son of King Edward. (9 Feb., 1326.)

[9] Charter. Roger son of Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston, has granted to Willam de Preston, burgess of Drogheda, all grantor’s lands and tenements, which descended to him by inheritance after the death of his brother Henry, in the town of Preston, Asshetoun [Ashton], Syddegrenis [Sidgreaves] and Lee [Lea], with their appurtenances: to hold to William and his heirs, in fee and inheritance for ever, of the chief lords of that fee by the rents and services accustomed, with all the liberties and free customs thereto belonging. Roger and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor. (Circa 1333.)

[10] Charter. William de Preston, senior, burgess of Drogheda, has granted to Robert son of Roger de Preston, a yearly rent of eight shillings, payable to grantor by Henry Starky, from a messuage with the appurtenances in Preston in Aumundernesse, in the county of Lancaster: to hold to Robert, his heirs and assigns, for ever, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed, William has also granted to Robert all the other lands and tenements held by him in the town of Preston to hold for the life of said Robert, of the chief lords of that fee by the services accustomed. William and his heirs will warrant. Grantor has caused the seal of the provost and community of the town of Drogheda on the side of Uriel to be affixed, as his own seal, which is also affixed, is unknown to many.
Dated at Drogheda on Friday before the feast of the Annunciation of the B.V.M., a.r. xx. Edward III. (24 March, 1346.)

[11] Charter. William de Preston and Richard his brother, burgesses of Drogheda, have granted to their brother Roger all their tenements as well in lands as houses as they lie in the town of Preston: to hold of the chief lord of that fee, by the services accustomed, with all the liberties which belong to such tenements in the town of Preston. William and Richard and their heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantors.
Dated at Drogheda on Thursday before the feast of Pentecost, a.r. vij. Edward. (20 May, 1333.)

[12] Charter. Alice, daughter of Robert son of Roger de Preston, has granted to Roger de Preston all her land, with the appurtenances, in the town of Preston, which she had of the gift of her said father; and she has granted to said Roger a certain yearly rent of four shillings issuing out of a messuage held by Ralph le Webester in the town aforesaid, which she also had of her father’s gift: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed, for ever. Alice and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor. (Circa 1340.)

[13] Charter. Henry son of Robert son of Adam Cok, of Preston, has granted to Roger de Preston an acre of meadow, with the appurtenances, in Preston, whereof grantor holds one rood in common with Roger del Wyche, another rood with Roger de Bakester, and half an acre lies between the meadow of William son of Paulinus, and John son of Robert de Preston, on the one side, and that of Robert Chapman on the other: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of the fee, by the services accustomed. Henry and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Monday after the feast of Easter, a.r. viij. Edward son of King Edward. (24 March, 1315.)

[14] Charter. Alexander Tyrel of Preston has granted to Roger de Preston half an acre of land, with the appurtenances, near Fishewyk-crosse [Fishwick Cross] in the town of Preston, situate between Soger’s land on the one side, and that of John son of Adam Cok on the other; and half an acre of meadow, with the appurtenances, lying in Redelay in the same town, between Roger’s meadow on the one side and that of Nicholas son of William son of Nicholas, on the other: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed, for ever. Alexander and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Tuesday the morrow of the decollation of St. John the Baptist, a.r. ii. Edward III. (30 August, 1328.)

[15] Charter. William son of Roger the tailor (cissor) of Preston, chaplain, has granted to Roger de Preston a messuage, with the appurtenances, in the town of Preston, which came to grantor by inheritance after his father’s death: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, for ever, by the services accustomed. William and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at York on Wednesday after the feast of the Assumption of the B.V.M., a.r. ij. Edward III. (17 August, 1328.)

[16] Grant. William son of Roger de Ethelistoun, has granted to Robert son of Roger de Preston a yearly rent of twelve pence, payable at the feast of the Assumption of the B.V.M., from year to year, out of grantor’s two cottages in the town of Preston, lying between the messuage of Adam Russelle on one side, and that of William son of Henry del Kirkestil, on the other: to hold to grantee, his heirs and assigns, for ever, with power to distrain the cottages in case of arrear until rent has been satisfied. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Thursday before the feast of St. Michael, a.r. xix. Edward III. (22 Sep., 1345.)

[17] Charter. William the chaplain of Preston has granted to Emania, wife of John Starky, and the heirs between them lawfully begotten, a certain burgage in the town of Preston, as it lies in length and breadth between the messuage of Richard son of Richard de Penywortham, on one side, and that of Alexander Tyrell on the other: to hold to grantee and her heirs aforesaid, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services accustomed, for ever, with all liberties and easements to such tenement in the town of Preston belonging; and should grantee die (in fata descedere) without heirs aforesaid, the premises shall remain to Roger de Preston and his heirs or assigns; to hold to him, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of that fee, as aforesaid. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on the Sunday on which is sung Misericordia Domini, a.r. viij. Edward son of King Edward. (6 April, 1315.)

[18] (Sir Christopher de Preston) also has a charter of John Starky, made to the said W. [William] the chaplain, of one-eighth part of half an acre, at the head of the town, and three parts in the new field.

[19] Indenture. Robert de Preston, knight, has granted to Nicholas Starky and Matilda, his wife, a messuage with the appurtenances in Preston, wherein Nicholas formerly dwelt, lying in breadth between the messuage of John Ratoun on the east, and that of William Holand on the west, and extending in length from the King’s highway which leads from Fyshergate up to the parish church of said town, on the north, to the Syke on the south: to hold to grantees, and the heirs of their bodies, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed; should grantees die without heirs, aforesaid, the premises shall revert to grantor and his heirs. Sealed by the parties.
Dated 23 Jan., a.r. xxxvj. Edward III. (1363.)

[20] Charter. William Holand has granted to sir Henry de Preston, chaplain, and sir John son of Roger son of Walter de Preston, chaplain, five messuages, sixteen acres of arable land, and two and a half acres of meadow, with the appurtenances in Preston, in Aundernesse, as they lie within certain metes and bounds, more or less; also a messuage and eight acres of arable land and meadow, with the appurtenances, in Cottam, lying as above; and also nine acres of arable land and meadow, with the appurtenances, in the Lee [Lea], lying as above: to hold to grantees, their heirs and assigns, for ever, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. The aforesaid William and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated 1 July, a.r. xliv. Edward III., and a.r. xxxj. over France. (1370.)

[21] Charter. Sir Henry de Preston, chaplain, and sir John son of Roger son of Walter de Preston, chaplain, have granted to William Holand five messuages and other premises in the preceding entry, which grantors had of the gift of grantee: to hold to grantee and the heirs of his body; and should William die without such heirs, the premises shall remain to Robert de Preston, knight, to hold to the same Robert, his heirs and assigns, for ever, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. Grantors and their heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantors.
Dated 20 July, a.r. xliv. Edward III. (1370.)

[22] Charter. Robert de Mondesleghe [?Mawdesley] has granted to Robert, son of Roger de Preston, part of a messuage with part of the curtilage and grange adjacent, in the town of Preston, which part is twenty-six feet in breadth next the King’s highway, and is the same number of feet everywhere through the midst of the curtilage and grange aforesaid, and it lies between the messuage of Roger de Asshetoun on one side, and that of Nicholas son of Richard son of Ughtrid de Preston, on the other; which premises grantor had of the gift of said Nicholas son of Richard: to hold to grantee and his heirs of the chief lords of that fee,by the services accustomed. Grantor and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Thursday the morrow of the nativity of the B.V.M., a.r. xviij. Edward III. (9 Sep., 1344.)

[23] Quit-claim. Alexander, son of William de Preston, burgess of Drogheda, has for ever released to Robert son of Roger de Preston all his right and claim, in all the lands, tenements, and rents which he had in the town of Preston, in Amundernesse, of the gift of William de Preston, grantor’s father, together with the reversions of the lands and tenements in same town belonging to grantor in any way. Alexander and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated on Saturday the vigil of Pentecost, a.r. xxiv. Edward III. (15 May, 1350.)

[24] Quit-claim. William de Preston, chaplain, has released to Roger de Preston, and his heirs or assigns, all his right and claim in all the lands and tenements which Roger had of the gift of William de Redmalis in the town of Preston. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on the feast of St. Matthias, a.r. vij. Edward son of King Edward. (24 Feb., 1314.)

[25] Charter. William son of Henry son of Robert Attecokesson, chaplain, has released to Robert de Preston all his right and claim which he has in all the messuages, mills, lands, meadows, and tenements with the appurtenances, which grantee held in Preston on the date hereof; except nine and a half acres of land, whereof six acres lie on Depedale, between the land which belonged to Albred son of Robert, on one side, and that of the abbot of Cokyrsande on the other, and three and a half acres lie in Woodeholme between the land which belonged to William son of Paulinus, on one side, and the water of Ryble on the other. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Tuesday after the feast of St. Peter, ad vincula, a.r. xxiv. Edward III. (3 Aug., 1350.)

[26] Quit-claim. William son of Richard de Ribbiltoun of Preston, has for ever released to Robert de Preston, his heirs and assigns, all his right and claim in a certain parcel of a certain tenement of grantor’s in Preston, which formerly belonged to Richard, his father, and which parcel Albred son of Robert de Preston, lately enclosed with his tenement, which the said Robert de Preston, the grantee, now holds. William and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Thursday after the octave of St. Michael, a.r. xxvj. Edward III. (11 Oct., 1350.)

[27] Quit-claim. John Fairchilde of Preston has released to Roger de Preston, and his heirs, for ever, all grantor’s right and claim in a barn, with the appurtenances, in the town of Preston. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Tuesday before the feast of St. Michael, a.r. six. Edward III. (27 Sep., 1345.)

[28] Quit-claim. Roger son of Roger son of William de Preston, has released for ever to Roger de Preston, his heirs or assigns, all grantor’s right and claim in five portions of land, with the appurtenances, in the town of Preston, lying in the new field below Fulwode, which grantor had of the gift of his father. Grantor and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor. (Circa 1340.)

[29] Charter. John son of John de Laylond, has granted to Roger de Preston, and his heirs or assigns, all his land in Laylond, with the appurtenances, which he had of the gift of John son of Thomas de Laylond, his father: to be held of the chief lord of that fee, by the services accustomed, with all liberties and easements to so much land in the town of Laylond appertaining. Grantor and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday the feast of St. Gregory the pope, a.r. viij. Edward son of King Edward. (12 Mar., 1315.)

[30] (Sir Christopher de Preston, knight) likewise has a charter of John son of Thomas, son of the parson of Leylonde, made to John his son, of the lands which he had of Alice, formerly wife of Thomas del Mora, near the Blaklake [?], and all his other lands and tenements in Leylonde.

[31] Indenture. John de Hacowshowe [Haconshaw] of Preston has granted to Christopher de Preston, son of Robert de Preston, knight, his heirs and assigns, three acres of arable land belonging to grantor, and lying in the new field, near Fowlewode, whereof two acres lie on both sides of an acre, formerly belonging to John de Wyche in the field aforesaid, and the third acre lies near a half acre of grantor’s land of inheritance, in the said field, which Secilia, his mother, now holds in dower; in pure and perpetual exchange for a certain croft near grantor’s orchard, as it is enclosed by hedges: to hold the said three acres in pure and perpetual exchange, to grantee, his heirs and assigns, with the liberties and easements to such arable land in said field appertaining, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services to them belonging. John and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Saturday after feast of SS. Peter and Paul, a.r. xxj. Richard II. (30 June, 1397.)

[32] Charter. Robert de Preston has granted to Magota, widow of Henry Starky of Preston, a messuage, with the appurtenances, in Preston, formerly belonging to said Henry, and all other the granges, lands, and tenements which belonged to said Henry in Preston; to hold to grantee, of grantor and his heirs, during her life, by fealty and the service of eight shillings, payable yearly at the four terms ordained in the town of Preston; after her death the said messuage shall remain to Nicholas Starky, to hold to him and the heirs of his body, by the services aforesaid; remainder to Thomas, brother of said Nicholas, and the heirs of his body, with reversion to grantor and his heirs; and after the death of the said Mogota, the granges, lands, and tenements which belonged to said Henry shall remain to Thomas Starky, to hold to him and the heirs of his body; remainder to Nicholas, brother of Thomas, and the heirs of his body, by the services aforesaid, and rendering to the chief lords of that fee the services due and accustomed; with reversion to grantor and his heirs.
Witnesses, Roger del Wiche, Nicholas Starky, Nicholas de Meles, Geoffrey de Hacoshal [?Hacon shawe], Roger de Wirlbacth.
Dated at Preston on Sunday after the feast of commemoration of St. Paul, a.r. xxiv. Ed. III. (4 July, 1350.)

[33] Quit-claim. Thomas Starky has for ever released to Christopher de Preston, knight, all his right and claim in a burgage, with the appurtenances in Preston, formerly belonging to Magote, widow of Henry Starky. Sealed by grantor.
Dated 20 Jan. a.r. i. Henry IV. (1400.)

[34] Charter. William son of Richard de Redmalis, has granted to John son of Robert son of Adam de Preston, his heirs or assigns, eight portions of land in the new field below Fulwode; whereof one lies between the land of Nicholas son of Geoffrey, on one side, and that of Adam de Bury on the other; three lie between the land of Adam de Bury on both sides; two lie between the land of Albric son of Adam, on one side, and that of Roger son of William, on the other; one portion lies between the land of Robert son of Roger, on one side, and that of Nicholas son of Paulinus, on the other; and one portion lies between the land of Robert the chaplain, on one side, and that of John del Wiche on the other; and also an acre and a half of land lying in Pipercroft, between the land of John son of Henry del Sculbiheuid, on one side, and that of St. W[i]lfrid on the other; and a half acre of meadow, in the meadows of Preston, between the meadow of William son of Nicholas, on one side, and that of Adam son of Adam son of Wille, which half acre of meadow grantor holds in common with Alexander Tirel, with another half acre of meadow which the same Alexander holds in common with grantor; to hold the premises to John, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. William and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Peter the tailor (cissor) and Alexander Tirel, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam de Bury, William son of Paulinus, Henry Banastre, Henry the tailor (cissor), Robert Chapman, Henry son of Robert, Adam Cokesone.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday after feast of the Assumption of the B.V.M., a.r. ix. Edward son of King Edward. (20 Aug., 1315.)

[35] Quit-claim. John son of Robert de Preston has released to Roger Auward of Preston, his heirs or assigns, all his right and claim in all the lands and tenements which he had of the gift of William son of Richard de Redmalis, in the town of Preston, as they lie in the fields and meadows of Preston, viz. in the new field below Fulwod, in Pipercroft and Redley, which tenements grantee had of grantor’s gift. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Peter the tailor (cissor) and Alexander Tirel, then bailiifs of Preston, Adam de Bury, William son of Paul’, Henry Banastre, Henry the tailor, Roger son of William, William de Wygan.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday after feast of Exaltation of the Holy Cross, a.r. ix. Edward son of King Edward. (17 Sept., 1315.)

[36] Charter. Henry de Mora has granted to Roger Auward, of Preston, all grantor’s land in Quitacris [Whiteacres], lying near the land of grantee, in the town of Preston: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. Henry and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Albred son of Robert and William de Wigan, then bailifls of Preston, John son of Robert, Adam de Burry, William son of Paulinus, Henry Banastre, Henry the tailor (cissor), Robert de Horwyche.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday before the feast of the Epiphany, a. r, xiij. Edward son of King Edward. (2 Jan., 1320.)

[37] Charter. Thomas, son of Adam the tailor (cissor), of Preston, has granted to Roger Auwarde of Preston two perches of grantor’s land, lying in the new field below Fulwod: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, for a term of ten years, commencing on the feast of St. Martin, in Winter, a.r. xiv. Edward son of King Edward [1321];. and also that the perch of land in said field, which ought to revert to Thomas and his heirs, after the death of Alice, his mother, shall remain to said Roger; to hold to the end of the said term, if Alice shall die (in fata descedat) within said term. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Albred son of Robert and William de Wigan, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam de Bury, Henry Banastre, Henry the tailor (cissor), Robert de Horwiche.
Dated at Preston on Monday after the feast of St. John the Baptist, a.r. xiij. Edward son of King Edward. (30 June, 1320.)

[38] Charter. Adam son of Adam le Taillour of Preston, chaplain, has granted to Roger Auward (or Haward), of Preston, all the land which grantor has of the gift of his brother Thomas in a certain field called the Newfeld in the town of Preston: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services accustomed, for ever. Adam and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Albred son of Adam and John de Ashtoun, then bailiffs of Preston, William son of Paulinus, Albred son of Robert, John del Wyche, John de Laylond, Robert de Horwche.
Dated at Preston, 1 July, a.r. vj. Edward III. (1332.)

[39] Charter. Emma, widow of Henry de la Chaler of Preston, in her viduity, has granted to Roger Auward of Preston, his heirs or assigns, a burgage in the town of Preston, as it lies in length and breadth in the Fissergate, between the house of Roger del Viche on one side, and the mill of Robert son of Roger, on the other: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services accustomed, and with the liberties and easements to said burgage, in the town of Preston belonging. Emma and her heirs will warrant. Signed by grantor.
Witnesses, John son of Robert and Henry Banastre, then bailiffs of Preston, Robert son of Roger, Adam de Bury, William (son of) Paulinus, William son of Nicholas, Albric son of Robert, William de Wigan.
Dated at Preston on Monday after feast of St. Matthias, a.r. ix. Ed. [II.] (2 Mar., 1316.)

[40] Quit-claim. William son of Roger son of Wille de Prestnun, has released to Roger Award of Preston, his heirs or assigns, all grantor’s right and claim in three perches of land in the town of Preston, lying in the new field below Fulwod, between the land of William de Wigan on one side, and that formerly belonging to Roger Nally on the other. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday after the feast of St. Thomas the apostle, a.r. xiii. Edward son of King Edward. (26 Dec, 1319.)

[41] Charter. Richard son of Roger son of Award de Preston, has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor), his brother, all his land lying between the land of the said Robert, and that of Richard son of Richard son of Huctered, and whereof one extremity extends from the foss of the Friars, to the garden of William Aldware, for his homage and service: to hold to him, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs, a rose (written rota) at the feast of St. John the Baptist, for all service. Richard and his heirs will warrant. For this grant Robert gave him nine shillings in grantor’s great necessity. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Henry son of Mirre and Roger son of Hertilde, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam son of Siward, master William, Roger son of Adam, William, his brother, Richard de Derbisire, Paulinus, Robert the forester, Ralph the tanner, William son of Roger, Robert the clerk.

Comment

This deed probably dates from about the second half of the 13th century. The friars are first recorded in Preston in 1260 [6] and Robert the forester is found in two Cockersand deeds (Preston deeds 3 and 11) which Farrer assigns to 1230 c.-1255.

[42] Charter. Richard son of Roger son of Award de Preston, has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor), his brother, for his homage and service, half an acre of meadow in the town of Preston, lying next the meadow of Adam son of Siward, and Roger son of Adam; and a moiety of all grantor’s land lying between the town of Preston and Penwrothan, between the land of the said Adam son of Siward, and the land which formerly belonged to William the physician (medicus): to hold to Robert, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with the appurtenances and commons, as much as belongs to so much land in the territory of Preston: rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs, a rose at the nativity of St. John the Baptist for all service. Richard and his heirs will warrant. In testimony grantor has confirmed the charter with his seal (Signo meo).
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward, Baudwin, Roger son of Roger, Roger son of Walter, master William the clerk, Adam de Brochol’, Benedict the clerk, Roger son of Adam, Richard son of Malbe, Ralph Meyne, Robert the forester, Richard the clerk son of Godit, Adam son  of Christian.

Comment

The names William the physician, master William, Benedict the clerk and Robert the forester all feature in the Cockersand cartulary which, following Farrer, would assign this deed to 1230 c.-1255.

[43] Charter. Addy Lorimer of Preston has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston a certain place of land in the same town, lying on the north side of grantor’s curtellus, and containing in length twenty-seven and a half feet, and in breadth twenty feet and a palm, for his homage and service: to hold to Robert and his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all buildings, appurtenances, and common easements belonging to so much land in the same town: rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs, three grains of pepper at Christmas, for all services. Grantor and his heirs will warrant.
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward, Richard de Derbisire, master William, master Adam, Roger son of Adam, Richard son of Mabbe, Ralph Meyne, Thomas son of Thomas, William son of Lete, Robert the clerk, Richard the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, master William’s presence on the list of witnesses places this deed in the 13th century.

[44] Charter. Robert son of Alexander, has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston, his heirs or assigns, a certain part of his land in the territory of Preston, viz. all his land lying in breadth between the land of Richard son of Mabbe and that of William son of Adam, and commencing at the land of St. Wilfrid’s church in Platfordale, it extends in length, to the land of grantee; for his homage and service: to hold to grantee, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with the common easements belonging to so much land in the town aforesaid; rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs, three grains of pepper at Christmas, for all service. For this grant, grantee gave half a mark of silver to grantor. Grantor and his heirs will warrant.
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward, Roger son of Roger, Roger son of Walter, Richard son of Mabbe, Ralph Meyne, Richard de Derbisire, Richard son of Adam, Richard son of Godiht, Adam Christian.

Comment

The number of names in common with No 43 places this deed in the 13th century.

[45] Charter. Alice, daughter of Henry son of Roald de Preston, in her viduity and lawful power, has granted to Robert son of Roger the tailor (cissor) of Preston, for his homage and service, a certain burgage, lying between the house of Roger son of Ede on one side, and that of William son of Lete on the other: to hold to him and his heirs, or to whomsoever he shall wish to assign, of grantor and her heirs, freely and quietly with all liberties and easements to so much land in the said town belonging: rendering yearly to her and her heirs, a rose, at the feast of St. John the Baptist, for all service and demand, except foreign service, so far as it appertains to so much land in said town. For this grant Roger gave her 17s. sterling, at the time. Alice and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam son of Suard, William de Cruce, Roger son of Roger, Roger son of Walter, Baudwin, Benedict the clerk, Roger son of Adam, , Richard the clerk son of Godith, William the clerk, master Adam the clerk, of Broccol’.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of Benedict the clerk and Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably 1230 c.-1255.

[46] Charter. Adam son of Geoffrey de Quitighaym [Whittingham], has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston, and his heirs or assigns, all grantor’s land lying at the northern extremity of Platford on Morplot, in the territory of Preston: to hold to Robert and his heirs, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with the common easements and appurtenances to so much land belonging, in the town of Preston: rendering yearly to Adam and his heirs, three grains of pepper at Christmas, for all service. Adam and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Roger son of Roger, Robert the forester, Adam son of Siward, master William, master Adam de Krochelis, Ralph le Menne, Roger son of Adam, William, his brother, Richard de Derbichyr, William son of Lece, Roger son of Hertild, Ralph the tanner, William the clerk son of Adam the white.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of master William and Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[47] Charter. Roger son of Allecot de Preston, has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor), a perch of land on Ingelleriding, with the appurtenances, for his homage and service; to hold to (him), his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all the liberties and easements to such tenement in the territory of Preston belonging, rendering yearly to Roger and his heirs, a rose at the feast of St. (John) the Baptist, for all service. Roger and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Richard de Derbysyre and Henry son of Mirre, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam son of Siward, master William, master Adam de Brocolis, Roger son of Adam, William his brother, Robert the forester, Richard son of Malbe, Richard son of Ralph, Adam his brother, Roger son of Hertild, Ralph the tanner, Robert the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[48] Charter. Margery, daughter of Amirie de Preston, in her viduity and lawful power, has granted to Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston, half an acre of land in Wodeholm, viz. that lying between the land of the Abbey of Chokirgond, and the land of Roger son of Adam, for his homage and service; to hold to Robert, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and her heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all the liberties and easements to so much land belonging; rendering yearly to grantor and her heirs, three grains of pepper at Michaelmas, for all service. Margery and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Richard de Derbisire and Henry son of Mirre, then bailiffs of Preston, master William, master Adam de Brocolis, Adam son of Syward, Roger his son, William his son, Robert the forester, Richard son of Malbe, Ralph le Mene, Ralph the tanner, Robert the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of master William and Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[49] Charter. Adam son of Philip de Preston, has granted to Robert son of Roger son of Award, a certain moiety of a burgage in the town of Preston, lying between the land of Robert the forester, and that of Roger son of Philip, in Fischerisgate, whereof one extremity extends from the highway to Inmensekeput, (or Mensekeput,) for his homage and service: to hold to Robert, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all liberties and easements to such tenement belonging in the town of Preston; rendering yearly three grains of pepper at Christmas, to grantor and his heirs, and sixpence silver, to the lord the King, for all service and demand appertaining to- grantor and his heirs, except the foreign service of the lord the King. For this grant, grantee gave grantor, in his great necessity, a mark of silver. Robert and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward, master William, Roger son of Adam, Adam de Brocolis, Richard de Derbisire, Ralph lee Mene, Robert the forester, Henry son of Mirre, Richard son of Ralph, Paulinus, Alexander son of Adam, Ralph the tanner, Roger son of Hertilde, Robert the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of master William and Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[50] Quit-claim. William son of William de Wygan, has released to Albric son of Robert son of Adam de Preston, all his right and claim in all that cleared ground (assartum) next Droghtoun Brygge [Broughton Bridge], which formerly belonged to Benedict the clerk, grantor’s great-grandfather, in the town of Preston. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Roger Nalby and Albric son of Adam son of Ralph, then bailiffs of Preston, Robert son of Roger, William son of Paulinus, Adam de Burry, William son of Nicholas, Henry Banastre, Alexander Tyrel.
Dated at Preston on Sunday after the feast of St. Augustine, a.r. v. Edward son of King Edward. (28 May, 1312.)

[51] Charter. Roger son of Roger de Preston, has granted to Robert son of Roger son of Award, all his land in Platfordale, viz. that lying between the land of Henry de Grimeschae [?Grimsargh] on one side, and that of William son of Adam, on the other, which formerly belonged to grantor’s brother Henry; for his homage and service: to hold to Robert, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all the liberties and easements to so much land belonging, in the town of Preston; rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs, three grains of pepper at Michaelmas for all service. Roger and his heirs will warrant, and, if he shall not be able to do so from any chance intervening, he will find land as good and sufficient elsewhere in the territory of Preston, and without delay, or dispute, enfeoff Robert thereof in hereditary right. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam son of Syward and Richard de Derbisire, then bailiffs of Preston, master William, Adam de Brocolis, Roger son of Adam, William his brother, Robert the forester, Richard son of Mabbe, William son of Letee, Richard the clerk, John de Capella, William, Roger, Robert, Alexander.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of master William and Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[52] Charter. William Cugkilpenny has granted to Robert son of Roger son of Award de Preston, a perch of land in the territory of Preston, viz. that lying between the land of Robert de Loxissun on the eastern side, and that of Rowdulf son of Ralph, on the western side, and extending in length from the highway as far as Platfordale: to hold of grantor and his heirs, to grantee, and his heirs or assigns, for his homage and service, in fee and inheritance, with all liberties, easements, and free customs to so much land belonging, in the said territory: rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs, tbree grains of pepper at the feast of the Assumption of the B.V.M., for all service and secular demand. William and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam son of Syward, master William, Roger son of Roger, then bailiffs of Preston, Roger son of Adam, Robert the forester, William son of Adam, William son of Lete, Richard de Derbesire, Richard son of Malbe, Roger son of Walter, Richard the clerk, Benedict the clerk, Robert the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of master William, Benedict the clerk and Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[53] Charter; Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston has granted to his first begotten son Roger, his heirs or assigns, a certain burgage in the town of Preston, with all the buildings erected (plantat’) thereon, lying between the house of …, son of Adam de Preston on one side, and that of William de Brackol’ on the other; and all grantor’s land in the town of Preston, as well in fields as meadows; for his homage and service: to hold to him, and his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs for ever, with all the easements and liberties to so much land belonging in the town of Preston; rendering yearly to Sir Eddemund, lord of the soil, twelve pence of silver at the four terms of the year in the town of Preston ordained, for all secular service, except foreign service, as much as appertains to the said tenement in the town of Preston. Robert will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Roger son of Adam and Robert his brother, then bailiffs of Preston, Paulinus de Preston, Henry son of Mirre, Richard son of Huctred, Robert son of Roger, Robert Forster, Adam son of Ralph, Adam de Lanc’, Adam Bur’.

Comment

If Robert Forster is Robert the forester then, following Farrer, his presence on the list of witnesses places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[54] Charter. Roger son of Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston, has granted to William de Preston, burgess of Drogheda, all his lands and tenements which descended to him by inheritance after the death of grantor’s brother, Henry, in the town of Preston, Hasshetoun (or Ascheton) [Ashton], Siddegrenis [Sidgreaves] and Lee [Lea], with their appurtenances: to hold to the said William and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, for ever, of the chief lords of that fee, by the rents and services due and accustomed, with the liberties, free customs, and easements thereto belonging. Roger and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Richard de Houghtoun, Robert de Shyrbonym, and John de Bartoun, knights, John son of Robert de Preston, Aubred son of Robert de Preston, William son of Paulyn. (Circa 1333.)

[55] Charter. William son of Lete de Preston, has granted to William, son of Roger the tailor (cissor), in free marriage with Matilda, his daughter, a certain burgage in the town of Preston, with all its buildings and appurtenances, lying between the house of William Aldware and that which belonged to Robert Rothelay; and an acre in the new field lying between grantor’s land and that of Adam son of Agnes; and a half acre of land on Ingelerrudig [Ingolridding], between the land of Richard de Derbysire and that of Henry son of Mirre; and a half acre of land in Platfordale, between the land which belonged to Adam (A)lby, and the land of St. John: to hold to him and his heirs to be begotten from the said Matilda, in inheritance, freely and quietly, with all the liberties and easements belonging to a burgage and so much land in the same town and rendering yearly therefor such service of the King as much as appertains to so much land in the said town. Grantor and his heirs will warrant.
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward, Richard de Derbisire, Richard son of Mabbe, Ralph Meyne, Thomas son of Thomas, Robert the tailor, Benedict the clerk, Roger son of Walter, John de Capella, Richard the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of Benedict the clerk places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[56] Charter. Adam the lorimer, and Ralph, his brother, sons of William the shepherd (pastor) of Preston, have granted to William son of Roger the tailor (cissor) of Preston, half an acre of land in Holdewyndychis, viz. that lying between the land of William Cuckylpeney, and that of Richard son of Ralph, for his homage and service: to hold to him, his heirs or assigns, of grantors and their heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all the liberties and easements to so much land in the town of Preston belonging: rendering yearly to grantors and their heirs, a barbed arrow at Michaelmas for all service. Grantors and their heirs will warrant, but, if it happen they shall be unable to do so, they will pay without contradiction ten shillings, silver, and three pence to William or his assigns. Sealed by grantors.
Witnesses, Richard de Derbesire, Henry son of Mirre, Adam son of Siward, Roger son of Adam, William his brother, Robert son of Herdyld, Robert the tailor, Robert the clerk.

Comment

A William the Shepherd and a Richard of Derbyshire are both found in Cockersand’s Preston deeds suggesting this charter is 13th century

[57] Charter. William Cuglepeny has granted to William son of Roger the tailor (cissor) of Preston, for his homage and service, an acre of land in the territory of Preston, which lies [on] Windmulneclif [?Windmill Hill], between grantor’s land and that of Thomas son of Thomas: to hold to him, his heirs or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all easements to so much land belonging in the said town: rendering yearly to grantor and his heirs an arrow at Christmas for all service; and for this grant the grantee has given to grantor, ten shillings, silver, in grantor’s great necessity. Grantor and his heirs will warrant.
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward, Richard de Derbesire, master William, Roger son of Adam, Roger son of Roger, William son of Lete, Thomas son of Thomas, Roger son of Walter, Richard the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of master William and Richard of Derbyshire places this deed in the 13th century.

[58] Quit-claim. Roger son of William de Preston, has released to Roger de Preston, his heirs and assigns, for ever, all his right and claim in all that land, with its appurtenances, in the town of Preston, as it lies in the Newfleld which grantee has of the gift and feoffment of Roger, son of grantor, as the charter between them more fully testifies. Roger and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Albred son of Robert and Adam Dellewyche, then bailiffs of Preston, John de Preston.
Dated at Preston on Sunday after the feast of St. Martin in Winter, a.r. iii. Edward III. (12 Nov., 1329.)

[59] Charter. Alan son of Baldwyn de Preston, has granted to William son of Adam son of Siward de Preston, and his assigns, all that burgage with all its buildings which formerly belonged to Baldiwin, grantor’s father, in the town of Preston; a toft called Windil (or Wyndhyll) and a place of land at the head of the town, lying between the land formerly belonging to Richard the clerk, and the land formerly belonging to William the shepherd; an acre of land lying next the land of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and next the land of the church, yielding yearly for said acre sixpence to the light of the B.V.M. at the Assumption; a half acre of land lying between the land of Roger son of Rexcild, and the land formerly belonging to Richard son of Ralph, next the cross towards Filwike [Fishwick]; a perch of land lying between the land of William son of Alexander, and that of Henry de Grimeschae [?Grimsargh]; half an acre of meadow lying next the meadow of Henry son of Mirre; an acre of meadow in Redlap [?], lying between the meadow of St. James and that of Roger son of Adam; an acre of land at the passage of Penhurban [Penwortham], and all grantor’s land at Radasgeford [?], next the land of Robert the forester, for his homage and service: to hold to grantee, his heirs, or assigns, of grantor and his heirs, in fee and inheritance, with all the liberties and easements to such tenement belonging in the town of Preston, rendering yearly therefor to Alan and his heirs, a pair of white gloves at the Assumption of the B.V.M., and to the lord of the fee two shillings of silver, at four yearly terms, for all service, except foreign service. Alan and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Henry son of Mirre and Robert the forester, then bailiffs of Preston, Roger son of Adam, Adam de Brocol’, Richard de Derbysyr, Roger son of Roger, Nicholas son of Roger, Paulinus, Roger son of Beytild’, Richard the tanner, Alexander son of Adam, Richard son of Richard de Lee, Adam son of Richard, Henry Ratun, Robert the clerk.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of Robert the forester places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[60] Quit-claim. William son of William son of Adam de Preston, has released to Robert, his brother, his heirs or assigns, all his right and claim in all those lands, with houses, in the town of Preston, which his father William granted by charter to the said Robert, saving to William, the present grantor, and his heirs, the homage and service contained in said Charter. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Robert son of Adam and Robert son of Roger, then bailiffs of Preston, Roger son of Adam, Adam son of Ralph, Adam de Lanc’, Richard Pelle, Roger son of William, Adam de Burri.

[61] Charter. William son of Paulinus de Preston, has granted to Robert son of William son of Adam de Preston, half an acre of land with the appurtenances, lying on the eastern side next the King’s highway of Fiswikegate [?Fishwickgate or Fishergate], in the territory of Preston, in exchange for an acre in Wodeholm: to hold to Robert, and his heirs or assigns, freely and quietly, with the liberties and easements to so much land belonging. William and his heirs will warrant for the said exchange. Sealed by grantor and grantee.
Witnesses, Robert son of Adam and William the white, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam son of Ralph, Robert son of Roger, Adam de Bery, Robert the tailor (cissor), Adam de Lanc’. (Circa 1290.)

[62] Charter. Robert son of Roger de Preston, has granted to his daughter, Cristiana, two messuages adjoining one another in Preston, in Amundrenesse, viz. in the Fyschergate, and all his land as it lies in length and breadth in the new field below Fulwode, in the same town, except the land which he holds for the term of his life by demise of Richard de Ribiltoun and Elena his wife, and all his land with the appurtenances lying in a certain tillage land (cultura) called Tulkith, between the land of Adam de Burry on one side, and that formerly belonging to Henry del Kyrkysteghle on the other; and all that meadow with the appurtenances called Sundirlondacre, as it lies in length and breadth: to hold all the said tenements without any reservation, to Cristiana, her heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. Robert and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, William son of Paulinus, William son of Nicholas, Adam de Burry, Henry Banastre, Henry the tailor (cissor), Alexander Tirrel, Roger del Wiche.
Dated at Preston on Saturday after feast of St. Bartholomew, a.r. xi. Edward son of King Edward. (27 Aug., 1317.)

[63] Charter. Robert son of Roger de Preston, has granted that a moiety of a windmill, with the appurtenances, in Preston, in Amondernesse, which Adam de Bury holds for the term of his life, by demise from grantor, and which ought to revert to him and his heirs after the decease of said Adam, shall wholly remain to Cristiana, daughter of grantor, and her heirs, to be held of the chief lords of that fee, by the services appertaining thereto, for ever. Sealed by grantor.
Dated at Preston on Monday after feast of St. Ambrose, a.r. xi. Edward son of King Edward. (10 April, 1318.)

[64] Charter. Robert son of Adam de Preston, has granted to Albric, his son, a burgage which Thomas de Penwortham formerly held of grantor, and three messuages lying together at the head of the town of Preston, near the Brodelache [?] and the house of Roger de Hyde; also six ridges {seliones) of his land lying together in the New field near the highway which leads to Broghtonbrygges [Broughton Bridge], with his assart near Broghtonbrigges, and with all his land near the Galghclogh (or Galglobogh) [?] of Preston, to hold to him and his heirs, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services due and accustomed. Robert and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, sir Henry de Kyghlay, Edmund de Haydockes, Robert the chaplain of Preston, Robert son of Roger, of same, Adam de Bury, William son of Nicholas, William son of Paulinus, Adam the clerk.
Dated at Preston 6 May, a.r. v. Edward son of King Edward. (1312.)

[65] Charter. Cristiana, widow of Thomas de Penwortham of Preston, has granted to Albred son of Robert de Preston, half an acre of land, with the appurtenances, in the town of Preston, one extremity of which abuts on the garden of the Friars minor of Preston towards the west, and the other extremity abuts on the garden of Adam son of Margery, towards the east; to hold to him, his heirs and assigns, of the chief lords of that fee by the services due and accustomed. Cristiana and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam del Wyche, then bailiff of Preston, John de Preston, Robert de Horwych, John del Wych, Nicholas de Preston, Albred son of Adam son of Ralph, Roger the clerk.
Dated at Preston on Friday, vigil of SS. Symon and Jude, a.r. iii Edward III. (27 Oct., 1329.)

[66] Charter. Alice de Aykesschoghe of Preston, has granted to Albred son of Robert, of same, his heirs or assigns, an acre of meadow in the meadows of Preston, which she had of the gift of Robert Brace as it lies in length and breadth between the meadow of Cokyrsand on one side, and that of Adam son of Magge, on the other: to hold to him, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services due and accustomed, for ever, with all liberties and easements to the said meadow in the town of Preston belonging. Alice and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Robert de Horwyche and Alexander Tirrel, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam de Bury, John de Preston, William Paulyn, Nicholas son of William, William de Wiggan.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday after feast of St. Hilary, a.r. xix. Edward son of King Edward. (15 Jan., 1326.)

[67] Charter. Robert Brace of Preston has granted to Alice, widow of Adam de Aykeschyghe, of same, her heirs or assigns, an acre of his meadow in the meadows of Preston, which he bought of Doda le Quite [?White], as it lies in length and breadth between the meadow of Cokyrsond on one side, (and) the meadow which grantor bought of Robert de Wytenay (on the other): to hold to her, her heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services due and accustomed, with all the liberties and easements to said meadow in the town of Preston belonging. Robert and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, John son of Robert and Henry Banastre, then bailiffs of Preston, Robert son of Roger, Adam de Bury, William son of Nicholas, William son of Paulinus, William de Wigan.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday, the morrow of St. William, archbishop of York, a.r. ix. Edward son of King Edward. (9 June, 1316.)

[68] Charter. Dedi, daughter of the late Adam the white of Preston, has granted in her virginity to Robert Brase of Preston, his heirs or assigns all that meadow which she had from Avisce, her sister, in exchange for grantor’s portion of a burgage formerly belonging to William the white, her father (so), and Serilla de Preston, which meadow contains an entire moiety of all the meadow which formerly belonged to Adam the white, her father, as it lies in breadth and length between Emelinbruge le Kar [?]: to hold to Robert, his heirs or assigns, for ever; of the chief lord of the fee, by the services due and accustomed, with all the easements and liberties belonging thereto in the town of Preston. Dedi and her heirs will warrant all the said meadow. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, William son of Nicholas and William son of Paulinus, then bailiffs of Preston, Robert son of Adam, Adam son of Ralph, Richard Banastre, Adam de Bury. (Circa 1300.)

[69] Charter. Albred son of Robert son of Adam de Preston, has granted to Roger de Preston, his heirs or assigns, half an acre of meadow with the appurtenances in the town of Preston, lying between, the meadow of Henry the tailor (cissor) on one side, and that of Albred son of Adam, on the other, which grantor had of the gift of Robert son of Roger son of Adam de Preston: to hold to Roger, his heirs or assigns of the chief lords of that fee by the services due and accustomed for ever. Albred and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Nicholas son of William son of Nicholas, and Roger del Wych, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam de Bury, William son of Paulinus, John son of Robert, Robert de Horwych, Albred son of Adam.
Dated at Preston on Tuesday the morrow of the decollation of St. John the Baptist, a.r. ii. Edward III. (30 Aug., 1328.)

[70] Charter. Robert son of Adam de Preston, has granted to his daughter, Matilda, a messuage which Margery de Penwortham held of him in the town of Preston, together with all his land which he had of the gift of Robert son of Roger and Henry son of Mirre de Preston, opposite the gate of the Friars minor of Preston, an acre and a rodeland of land, lying in the field between the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen of Preston and the Gosewalle [? Goose Wall]; and three rodelands of land in the same field, one extremity of which, extends towards the east, and the other towards the west, with all his land below the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, which extends upon Shahgwallesykes [?]; to hold to Matilda and her heirs of the chief lord of the fee by the services due and accustomed, with the appurtenances wheresoever belonging, and all crops growing on the land on the day hereof. Robert and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, sir Henry de Kyghelay, Edmund de Haydockes, sir Robert the chaplain of Preston, Robert son of Roger, of same, Adam de Burry, William son of Nicholas, William son of Paulinus, Adam de Clyderhow, clerk.
Dated at Preston, 5 May, a.r. v. Edward son of King Edward. (1312.)

[71] Quit-claim of Margaret Banastre. Margaret, widow of Robert son of Adam de Preston, has released, for ever, to Matilda, her daughter, and her heirs, all her right and claim in all the lands and tenements whatsoever which Matilda has of the gift of her father, formerly grantor’s husband, in the town of Preston, wherever lying adjacent. Margaret and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam de Burry, William son of Nicholas, Robert son of Roger, Henry Banastre of Preston, William son of Paulinus.
Dated at Preston, on Sunday the feast of Pentecost, a.r. v. Edward son of King Edward. (14 May, 1312.)

[72] Quit-claim. Matillda, widow of Roger de Preston, in her lawful viduity, has released to her son Robert, all her right and claim by reason of her dower, in all the messuages, mills, lands, meadows, pastures, moors, tenements, and rents, with their appurtenances, in Preston, in Aummundernesse, which belonged to said Roger, formerly her husband. Sealed by grantor.
Dated on Monday after the feast of Pentecost, a.r. xxiv. Edward III. (17 May, 1350.)

[73] Quit-claim. Matillda, widow of Robert del Frerys of Preston, has released, for ever, to Robert de Preston, his heirs and assigns, all her right and claim in a certain messuage, with its appurtenances, in Preston, which the said Robert de Preston had of the gift of Robert her husband. Matilda and her heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, John Banaster, then mayor, and Adam Tyrrel and Thomas Starky, then bailiffs of Preston, Roger del Wych, Nicholas Starky.
Dated at Preston on Sunday before the feast of the Ascension of the Lord, a.r. undecimo sexto (xxvi ?) Ed. III. (13th May, 1352.) [transcribers note on dating: John Banaster did not become mayor until 1351 (“Fishwick’s Hist, of Preston).]

[74] Charter. Adam and Roger, sons of Philip de Preston, have granted Robert le Tallour son of Roger son of Award de Preston, a messuage in the town of Preston, with all the appurtenances, and with the houses placed thereon, which belonged to said Philip, grantors’ father, and is situated between the house of said Adam son of Philip, for his homage and service: to hold to him, his heirs, or to whomsoever he shall wish to give or assign the same tenements, of grantors and their heirs for ever, with all liberties and free customs to such tenement belonging in the town of Preston. Yielding yearly to grantors, and their heirs, a rose at the feast of St. John the Baptist, for all service or secular exaction, except foreign service of the lord the King. Adam and Roger, and their heirs, will warrant; and, for greater security, sealed by grantors.
Witnesses, Adam son of Siward de Preston, Balwin, Roger son of Roger, Roger son of Walter, Roger son of Adam, Robert son of Henry, master William, Benedict the clerk, Richard son of Godith, clerk, Hulle Trip, Adeccot Aldware, master Adam de Breholis, with the whole court of Preston.

Comment

Following Farrer, the presence on the list of witnesses of Benedict the clerk places this deed in the 13th century and probably in the middle of the century.

[75] Quit-claim. Richard son of William son of Mariot de Newtoun, and Cezilia, his wife, have released to Henry son of Robert the tailor (cissor) of Preston, his heirs or assigns, all their right and claim in a yearly rent of three half pence of silver, they were wont to receive from the house formerly belonging to Richard de Crofft’, in the town of Preston. Sealed by grantors.
Witnesses, Richard Banastre and Henry son of Roger, then bailiffs of Preston, Robert son of Adam, Adam son of Rodolph, Robert son of Roger, Adam de Burri.
Dated at Preston on feast of Purification of B.V. M., a.r. xxij. Edward. (2 Feb., 1294.)

[76] Charter. Thomas Banastre has granted to Robert son of Adam son of Philip de Preston, his heirs or assigns, all that land which Thomas recovered from the heirs of Adam de Quitingham [Whittingham], in the field called Wodeholm, in the town of Preston, before Hugh de Cressingham and his associates, justices itinerant in the county of Lancaster: to hold to Robert, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lord of that fee, by the services due and accustomed, with all liberties and easements to said land belonging, in the same town. Thomas and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Robert son of Adam, and Robert son of Roger, then bailiffs of Preston, Adam son of Ralph, Adam de Burry, Richard de Redmal’, Richard Banastre, William son of Nicholas, Roger le taylour, Adam de Lanc’, William the clerk. (Circa 1296.)

[77] Letter of Attorney. John son of Robert de Preston, has constituted in his place Henry Starky, or Nicholas Starky, to put Robert son of Roger de Preston, in full seisin of all the lands and tenements, meadows and rents, which John had in the town of Preston, according to the form of a charter from him to Robert. Sealed by John.

[78] Quit-claim (entitled charter). Henry son of Bawdewyne de Preston, has released, for ever, to Robert son of William son of Adam de Preston, and his heirs, between him, the same Robert, and Elena, daughter of William son of Roger son of Award, lawfully begotten, all his right and claim, which he had in the burgages, with all their buildings and appurtenances, and in all the other lands in the town of Preston, which Bawdewyn, grantor’s father, gave to Alice and Roger, grantor’s sister and brother. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, Adam son of Ralph, and Robert son of Roger, then bailiffs of Preston, Robert son of Adam de Preston, Adam de Bery, Adam de Lanc’, Roger son of Utred, William son of Roger son of Award, Richard Banastre, Geoffrey son of Roger, Henry de la Chaler, Adam Bussel. (Circa 1292.)

[79] Charter. Robert son of Roger son of Adam de Preston, has granted to Albric son of Robert son of Adam de Preston, his heirs or assigns, half an acre of meadow, with the appurtenances in the town of Preston, lying between the meadow of Henry the tailor (cissor) on one side, and that of Albric son of Adam, on the other; to hold to Albric, his heirs or assigns, of the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed, for ever, with all liberties and easements to said meadow belonging, in the town of Preston. Robert, the grantor, and his heirs will warrant. Sealed by grantor.
Witnesses, John Starky, then bailiff of Preston, Adam de Bury, William son of Paulinus, John de Preston, Henry the tailor (cissor), Albric son of Adam, Henry the clerk.
Dated at Preston on Wednesday after feast of All Saints, a.r. xx. Edward son of King Edward. (5 Nov., 1326.)

[1] Historical Manuscripts Commission (Fourth Report, Part 1) Report and Appendix (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1874), 578–80, https://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Fourth_Report_of_the_Royal_Commission_on.html?id=MFg-AAAAYAAJ&redir_esc=y.
[2] Henry Fishwick, The History of the Parish of Preston (Rochdale: The Aldine Press, 1900), 214–15.
[3] James Mills and M. J. McEnery, eds., Calendar of the Gormanston Register, from the Original in the Possession of the Right Honourable the Viscount of Gormanston (Dublin, printed at the University Press, for the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 1916), iii.
[4] Ibid., xviii.
[5] Ibid., 87–110.
[6] William Farrer and J. Brownbill, eds., The Victoria History of the County of Lancaster, vol. 7 (London: Constable, 1912), 161.