Richard Pedder was baptised on 12 February 1692/3 in the parish church at Preston, the son of Richard Pedder 1. He married Jennet, the daughter of John Reed of Preston, on 20 January 1711/2. The couple had 11 children, five of whom survived infancy: Richard (baptised 7 December 1712 2), Edward (baptised 7 October1717 3) Grace (baptised 1 December 1726 4), Thomas (baptised 27 April 1729 5) and James (baptised 25 July 1731 6).
He and his four sons are on the 1742 guild roll, where he is described as a common council man
From October 1719 he was serving on the town’s court leet jury, in October 1729 he was serving a term as an ‘affeerer and assessor’, and in October 1743 ‘Richard Pedder ye elder’ was a councilman. 7
The Preston Poor Tax Book of 1732 shows that Mr Richard Pedder owned a number of properties on the east side of Friargate and a field in the Maudland district, which together yielded an annual rental of £39 14s. 6d.; he had a lease on another field with an annual rental of 5 guineas. He was renting a workhouse at the back of the Anchor Inn on Friargate for £1 10s. a year.
The tax book entries do not reveal where he was living, but it would seem that in around 1749 Richard had a house in Ribbleton on the present Ribbleton Avenue. 8
In 1750 he bought the perpetual advowson of the vicarage of Garstang from Silvester Richmond of Walton, Liverpool, for £600. In the conveyance he is described as ‘linendraper’. 9 Earlier in the negotiations, a price £500 was being set, and earlier still charges of defrauding the rightful inheritors of the advowson had to be defended. 10 Sylvester Richmond was the ancestor of another Sylvester Richmond, who was born in Garstang and moved to Liverpool, where he became mayor and is known as the ‘father’ of Liverpool medicine. It was probably this first Sylvester who bought the Garstang advowson.
Richard and Sons were among the Preston merchants exporting cloth to the West Indies aboard the Clifton of Preston. 11
In June 1748 Richard Pedder ‘gentleman’ was elected alderman. 12 He was mayor of Preston 1748-9 and 1756-7 13 During his second spell as mayor Richard Pedder esq was involved in planning and financing, at a cost of £2000, the rebuilding of Penwortham bridge. 14
He was buried 22 December 1762. 15
His will dated 2 March 1759:
Will of Richard Pedder of Preston, merchant — household goods to wife Jennet, also named closes in Preston for life,16 as well as the house of son Edward on S of the Fryer-Gate; after her death these to son Edward, together with Abbots in Ribbleton, a pew on S of S aisle of Preston church, a burgage on N of the Fryergate called the Holy Lamb, Bellfounders Field in Preston, close called the Conduit on S of Mawdlands Lane, pew on N of N aisle of Preston church. To son Thomas 5 burgages on N of Fryergate near the Brown Channell, also warehouse and houses in St. Johns Wiend, close called the Crown near Sandy Lane, burgage at bottom of Fryergate near the pinfold called Pinfold House, shares in the common Mawdlands, houses on S of Spittles Moss, half of close on N of Mawdlands Lane, large pew on N of middle aisle of Preston chapel and pew in S gallery of the church. To son James the Oxheys in Preston, the Round Meadow on SE of Broadgate Lane, parcel adjoining E to the aforesaid and W to the Common Fields, and messuage in Walton. To 3 sons during life of daughter Grace wife of John Derbyshire of Preston, grocer, closes at Avenham and messuages on E of St. Johns Lane and on N of the Church Gate, lesser pew on N of middle aisle of Preston Chapel, in trust for G.D. and her issue. 17
7 David Berry, ed., ‘Preston Court Leet Records’, n.d., http://c5110394.myzen.co.uk/mw/index.php?title=Main_Page.
8 ‘Ribbleton – Repair of Highway from Richard Pedder’s House to Grimsargh.’ (c1749), QSP/1624/3, Lancashire Archives, https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/544b11f9-68e1-4889-bfec-770abe702799.
9 ‘Conveyance for £600: Silvester Richmond of Walton near Liverpoole, Clerk, Son and Heir…’ (2 July 1750), DDPD 42/7, Lancashire Archives, https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/0798cd83-92e0-4653-85c9-25e6ffac72e0.
10 ‘File of Correspondence, Cases Notes Etc. Concerning the Advowson of the Vicarage of Garstang’ (1772 1737), DDPD 43/1, Lancashire Archives, https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/e65c112e-001c-4073-91d3-ebb61179ae00.
11 M. M. Schofield, ‘Shoes and Ships and Sealing Wax: Eighteenth Century Lancashire Exports to the Colonies’, Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire 135 (1985): 80 Note 20.
12 W. A. Abram, Memorials of the Preston Guilds (Preston: Preston Guardian, 1882), 88.
13 Henry Fishwick, The History of the Parish of Garstang in the County of Lancaster – Part 1 (Chetham Society, 1878), 87, https://archive.org/details/historyparishga01fishgoog/page/n16/mode/2up.
14 ‘Agreement: (I) James, Lord Strange, Rigby Molyneux, Lawrence Rawstorne, Thomas Buckley…’ (7 September 1757), DDX 497/1/3, Lancashire Archives, https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/b9bc8f1b-536a-4d12-a6ae-fb3bb8b02e1e.
16 ‘Lancashire Archives: CNP/2/1 Preston Guild Rolls’, n.d., https://archivecat.lancashire.gov.uk/calmview/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=CNP%2f2%2f1.
17 ‘Will of Richard Pedder of Preston, Merchant — Household Goods to Wife Jennet, Also…’ (2 March 1759), DDPD 25/13, Lancashire Archives, https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/1a33400b-4cc9-4036-8765-8ccc34d062a8.